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10 Preventive Measures To Avoid Heat Stroke

By: Akila Seetharam Indurti

The glaring rays of the sun beating down mercilessly can prove to be dangerous if certain precautions are not taken. Heat stroke can be fatal if it is not recognised on time or an immediate treatment is not provided.

It is essential to keep the body hydrated during the hot summer months to keep away from the effects of heat stroke. Also, one needs to avoid going out between 1 PM and 3 PM, as the rays of the sun are known to be quite harmful at this period.

Headache, dizziness, pale skin, high body temperature, fatigue, nausea, cramps, etc, are some of the symptoms of a heat stroke. In case you find these symptoms to be bothering you, make sure to visit a doctor at the earliest.

Also Read: 10 Healthy Summer Drinks To Prevent Dehydration

The old, the infirm, the sick, pets, those working outdoors and young children are particularly susceptible; but it would be wise to keep a few things in mind to tide over the harsh summer season.

So, here are ten preventive measures that we can take to avoid a heat stroke. Have a look and take extra care of yourself during the summer months.


Drink Water

Drink adequate amounts of water throughout the day to stay hydrated. Always carry a bottle of water while you step out.


Say No To Cold Drinks

These can cause stomach cramps, so however great the temptation to reach out for an icy cold drink is, resist the temptation. Instead, go for cool drinks slightly chilled.


Avoid Alcohol And Caffeine

These are a huge NO during this season. Reach out for juices and other fluids that contain sugar and salt instead.


Eat Fresh Vegetables

Salads, fresh vegetables and leafy greens are the best bet during summer. Vegetables and fruits with a high water content, like cucumbers and watermelons, are a must to be had during the summer months.


Try The Onion

Most traditional practitioners recommend eating raw onions or having onion juice during summer, which serves as an excellent home remedy to prevent heat exhaustion and heat strokes.


Have Electrolyte-rich Drinks

Drinks like Aam panna and tender coconut water help to keep the body cool and provide natural electrolytes, which are far better than the synthetic and sugary ones like sports drinks. A drink of lemonade with a pinch or two of salt, a teaspoon of sugar and a pinch of sodium bicarbonate or baking soda before stepping out in the hot sun can help to prevent a heat stroke. Buttermilk is another excellent homemade drink that keeps the body cool.


Check For Sweat

The human body is blessed with a natural thermostat that keeps the body temperature always at an optimum level. When the heat is more, we begin to perspire and this acts as a coolant. If there is no sweat, then watch out, there could be something seriously wrong, may be a warning sign of an impending heat stroke. So, be vigilant and look for warning signs and take preventive measures immediately.


Do Not Be Outdoors During Mid Mornings

The best thing to prevent a heat stroke is to remain indoors or shield yourself from direct glare during the hottest part of the day. If this is just not possible, then protect yourself with an umbrella or a wide-brimmed hat and shades and be dressed in light and loose-fitting clothes. Use a sunscreen of SPF15 or higher.


Avoid Strenuous Activity

Playing outdoors or working in the sun takes its toll on many. Avoid working during the peak hours by scheduling to work during the cooler hours of early morning or evening.


Look Out Before You Leave

Never leave infants or small children in closed cars even for a moment. The temperature inside a car parked outside in the sun can rise rapidly. Also, take care not to be in crowded places, which do not have adequate ventilation, as chances of getting affected by the trapped heat could be very high in closed spaces.

Read more about: wellness, heat, stroke, avoid, water
Story first published: Friday, April 8, 2016, 18:03 [IST]
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