Many lifestyle diseases such as diabetes, cholesterol and hypertension act as an intermediate which lead to cardiovascular diseases. These factors are modifiable diseases and can be treated or cured. A chronically stressful life, social isolation, anxiety and depression are other risks that lead to heart disease and stroke.
Below are the most common intermediaries that lead to heart disease. Have a look:
1.Dyslipidemia (abnormal cholesterol, triglycerides and other lipids in the blood):
Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that's found in all cells of the body. People who have high blood cholesterol have a greater chance of getting coronary heart disease, also called coronary artery disease.
When cholesterol is high, it builds up in the inner lining of the arteries, forming a material called plaque. Over time, plaque buildup narrows the artery and blocks blood flow through it. People with high cholesterols, high triglycerides, low good (high density) and high bad (low density) cholesterol and abnormal lipoproteins are likely to suffer from more heart attacks and strokes.
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2. High Blood Pressure:
When one has high blood pressure, the heart has to work harder to push blood around the body. To cope up with the extra effort, the heart becomes thicker and stiffer, which makes it less able to do its job.
If you have diabetes, the chances of developing cardiovascular disease is twice than people without diabetes. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality for people with diabetes. Uncontrolled diabetes causes damage to your body's blood vessels making them more prone to hypertension.
People with diabetes develop atherosclerosis at a younger age and more severely than people without diabetes. If you have diabetes you can have a heart attack without realizing it. It can damage nerves as well as blood vessels, so a heart attack can be 'silent', that is lacking the typical chest pain.
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Obesity is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and has been strongly associated with insulin resistance. As BMI increases, the risk of heart disease and stroke also increases. The intra-abdominal fat affects blood pressure and blood lipid levels and interferes with the ability to use insulin effectively.
Insulin is used to process glucose derived from food, our primary fuel. If we cannot use insulin properly we may develop diabetes, a risk factor of cardiovascular disease.
Hypertension is the most important risk factor for premature cardiovascular disease, being more common than cigarette smoking, dyslipidemia and diabetes. Hypertension stresses your body's blood vessels, causing them to clog or weaken.
Hypertension can lead to atherosclerosis and narrowing of the blood vessels making them more likely to block from blood clots or bits of fatty material breaking off from the lining of the blood vessel wall.
However, these are modifiable risk factors that can be treated or changed.
M R Medical College. Gulbarga, Karnataka,MS,JJMMC, Davangere, MCh in CVT Surgery, KEM Hospital
Dr. Vivek Jawali is the Chairman and Chief Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgeon, who heads the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences at the Fortis Hospitals, Bangalore