Ways Pregnancy Affects Dental Health

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Pregnancy brings with it a lot of joy and surprises, but, at the same time, it also brings some health changes. Bodily changes occur during pregnancy and some changes also occur in the oral health status. In other words, pregnancy affects even the oral health. These primary changes occur due to a surge in the hormones. Mainly because of the increase in oestrogen and progesterone levels.

Good dental care helps you to stay away from dental problems like gingivitis, dry mouth, cavities and excess saliva. Dental hygiene is essential for the health of the baby as well. It is advisable to visit a dental doctor once in a month. Eating a balanced diet can also hold an equal prominence to maintain a good dental hygiene.

According to a research, poor dental hygiene can cause problems to the development of the baby as well. The bacteria passes through the blood stream and may result in a low birth weight of the baby. Therefore, there are various ways in which pregnancy affects oral health.

In this article, we at Boldsky will be sharing with you some of the dental problems women face during pregnancy. Read on to know more about it.

Ways Pregnancy Affects Dental Health

Pregnancy Gingivitis: Many women notice changes in their gums during pregnancy. Gums tend to look red and can even bleed while brushing the teeth. Some may even experience a severe swelling. All these changes are referred to as pregnancy gingivitis. The reason could be the increase in the hormonal levels. This condition starts in the second month and worsens during the 8th month. However, this condition vanishes once the baby is born.

Ways Pregnancy Affects Dental Health

Pregnancy Granuloma: Pregnancy granuloma is also known as pyogenic granuloma or pregnancy tumour. It is the growth of red granules that occur on the gums. Even though these tumours may cause a little discomfort, it is not dangerous or cancerous. This condition usually develops in the second trimester. Poor oral hygiene is a primary cause for this disorder.

Tooth Erosion: Tooth erosion is more common among the pregnant women with morning sickness and vomiting. Frequent vomiting can erode the enamel on the back of the front teeth due to the acidic content. It can affect the strength of the teeth as well.

Ways Pregnancy Affects Dental Health

Dry Mouth: Dry mouth is another common dental problem women face during pregnancy. This can be combated by drinking lots of water and by keeping the mouth moist. Hormonal changes can cause dry mouth accompanied by stuffy nose, chapped lips and headaches.

Excess Saliva: This is a less common symptom during pregnancy. This condition occurs very early in pregnancy and disappears by the end of the first trimester. Excess saliva can be associated with nausea and heart burn that is common during pregnancy.

Read more about: pregnancy, prenatal, oral health
Story first published: Saturday, December 12, 2015, 6:01 [IST]
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