The rise in population in the urban areas has led to the tremendous increase in the number of vehicles. This in turn has given rise to the air pollution across all the major cities in India.
The impact of air pollution on human beings goes something beyond repair. A new study has reported that Indians could live about four years longer on an average or more than 4.7 billion life years combined if it complies with the World Health Organization's (WHO) air quality standards.
The study also said that even if only the national standards are met, Indians could live more than one year longer on an average. According to the study the national capital, Delhi is among the worst affected.
The findings were part of the Air Quality-Life Index (AQLI) study carried out by the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC) and led by Michael Greenstone, director, EPIC.
Pollution data of fifty most populous districts in India was collated and taken into consideration for the study. This was done using satellite and ground monitoring data.
Few of the dangerous effects of air pollution are listed here. Check them out.
High exposure to black carbon is known to reduce the high-density lipoprotein (HDL), commonly known as "good" cholesterol. This in turn can lead to cardiovascular diseases.
Difficulty In Sleeping:
According to a study traffic related air pollution known as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) caused low sleep efficiency. The air pollution causes upper airway irritation, swelling and congestion and affects the central nervous system and brain areas that control breathing patterns and sleep.
The fine particulate matter coming from power and automobile plants could invade the brain and wreak havoc in elderly people and often leads to dementia.
The dust and the particulate matters when it enters the lungs not just affects the breathing but in the long run it can also cause lung cancer.