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Eczema is one type of dermatitis, or irritation of the top level of the skin. The term eczema is generally applied to a wide variety of skin conditions. Included in this are dryness and skin rashes which can be depicted by more than one of these signs: redness, skin edema, itching and dryness, crusting, flaking, blistering, breaking, oozing or bleeding.
Factors that could cause eczema include other disorders, irritating materials, a weak immune system, environmental factors, allergies and your genetic makeup (a genetic defect in the epidermal layer which makes the skin susceptible to irritants like detergents and house dust mite).
Symptoms and signs of eczema can differ widely throughout the early phases. Children between two and six months who suffer from eczema, typically develop itchy, dry, red skin and little bumps on their cheeks, brow or scalp. Lots of individuals develop red lumps or clear fluid filled lumps which when scratched, ooze out a liquid and the area turns painful.
While any area of the body can be affected by eczema, in kids and adults, eczema usually occurs on the face, neck and the interiors of the elbows, knees and ankles.
It tends to develop in childhood, occasionally only after birth. Many kids grow out of it as they get older; however, it can flare up again when they are adults.
Getting you to stop scratching and also to avoid further aggravating your skin layer are the treatment goals. Accomplishing this might mean addressing the affected region to prevent you from damaging it. Hydrocortisone and similar lotions and creams might help soothe your skin. Additionally, you might find that wet compresses provide relief.
The kind of medication prescribed by your doctor depends on a lots of factors, including the kind of eczema, previous treatment done and the patient's preference. In case the eczema is more serious, phototherapy or systemic medicine can be prescribed.