The kidneys are one of the most crucial organs of the body. They work to filter the blood and regulate the fluids along with other substances in the blood. When the kidneys stop functioning, the other organs also start failing.
Kidney failure might occur due to dehydration, contamination or due to harm from medication. In several cases tumours and cysts may also cause kidney failure. In others, it may take place due to inadequate intake of water, or it may result from vomiting or diarrhoea.
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Once the kidney disorder is identified and its severity evaluated, your medical practitioner may order the treatment most suitable for you. Prompt consideration and sticking to your health care provider's guidelines will frequently delay or prevent kidney failure.
Nephrotic syndrome, an ailment where proteins leak from the kidneys, can also lead to kidney failure. These can be treated with steroid medications like prednisone along with other drugs which are found in pill form.
If not treated properly, renal artery stenosis might occur, wherein the arteries taking blood to your kidneys get quite narrow. In case the arteries become very narrow and drugs cannot help with the problem, you might need surgery to correct the obstruction preventing serious complications, including kidney failure.
Quick treatment of the main cause of acute kidney failure is enough to restore kidney functions. To prevent severe complications, you might need dialysis treatment till your kidneys recover.
Chronic renal failure refers to kidney harm that lasts for more than three months. In stage one, the kidneys retain much of their capability to filter out wastes, while in stage five, the purification rate is insufficient and the kidneys are considered to have failed.
Many medications must be avoided or their dosage must be reduced if there is renal failure. For many chronic renal failure patients, strict limits should be placed on protein, phosphorus as well as potassium consumption.
The patient must consult a dietitian who specializes in kidney diseases, who may help devise a palatable, healthy diet to suit the patient's needs. End stage renal failure or kidney failure can not be healed or reversed. It requires dialysis or perhaps a kidney transplant for survival.