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Mothers, especially first-time ones, may face many day-to-day challenges in understanding their babies well, precisely due to the behavioural changes that take place in newborns. These changes are considered as part of their growth and development and are often not a point of concern.
Though certain changes in newborns are pretty normal, they tend to make their mothers anxious and worried. Here, we have discussed a few weird but normal things about newborns. These facts may help save new mothers from unnecessarily worrying and will allow them to enjoy the transition phase of their babies.
1. The First Poop
The weird thing about the first poop of a baby is that it is black and sticky. Scientifically, a baby's first poop is known as meconium; it is basically the remains of the food substances absorbed by the infant when it was a foetus. Meconium can be green, yellow or brown and can be liquid, sticky or solid. Medical attention is needed when the poop is white or chalky and the baby poops twice or thrice. 
2. Baby Pimples
According to a study, neonatal acne, commonly known as baby pimples, is common in around 20 per cent of newborns under six weeks. The acne is not true but an inflammatory reaction to the saprophytic yeast Malassezia, which is a part of the normal skin flora. The acne tends to disappear within four or less months and rarely requires treatment. Also, it is more prevalent in boys compared to girls. 
3. Crossed Eye
The eyes of newborns often appear to be crossed during the first few months, and that is perfectly normal. The misalignment of the eyes is mainly because of the adjustment to the sense of light and the underdeveloped eye muscles. As babies grow, their eyes adjust to the light and their eye muscles gain strength. They also learn focus techniques that ultimately correct their crossed eyes or strabismus.
4. Cradle cap
Cradle cap, scientifically known as pityriasis capitis, is characterised by oily or crusty scaly patches on the scalp of babies. It can be thick yellow or white scales and isn't itchy or painful. Studies say that cradle cap is a common and self-limiting neonatal condition that is usually present during the first two months after birth and disappears easily with a simple hair wash with mild shampoo and a soft-bristled brush. 
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5. Flaky Skin
Similar to cradle cap, babies flaky or peeling skin is a normal part of their development and may not require any medicinal treatment. The bodies of newborns are coated with vernix, a naturally produced waxy white substance. When the vernix is cleaned by nurses after their birth, the skin gets prone to dryness and starts losing moisture at a faster rate compared to adults. This leads to skin peeling or flaking off in babies. 
6. Baby Hiccups
Hiccups are healthy development signs in babies. According to a study, newborns spend around 2.5 per cent of their time hiccupping. Like in adults, hiccups in babies are a reflex of the diaphragm, especially when they are feeding. Though hiccups are not a point of concern and may go away in five or 10 minutes, consult a medical expert if they do not stop sooner and recur more often. 
7. Soft Spots
Fontanelle, also known as the "soft spots," are unique characteristics in newborns identified by soft membranous gaps in their skull areas. According to a study, there are around six fontanelles present in children during infancy. They allow easy passage of the head during delivery and to accommodate the fast-growing cranium bones of the brain. 
8. Baby Boobs
Newborns are often noticed with swollen breasts or lumps under the nipples, giving them the name "baby boobs". The noticeably enlarged breasts in babies are mainly due to their exposure to maternal hormones in the womb. With time, the breast size starts to decrease and they become flat or shrink. The lumps can be noticed up to a week after the birth or may continue for a month or two.
9. Odd Reflexes
Newborns are often seen with sudden jerky movements for no reason at all. It is mainly due to the development of natural reflexes and new body movements. Scientifically, these jerks are known as Moro reflexes and are involuntary and protective reflex responses by the body against sudden loss of support. These odd reflexes are usually present in full-term babies and tend to go away by 12 weeks. 
10. Bow Legs
Genu varum or bow legs in newborns are present for around six months to a year. As the infant begins to stand or walk, the lower limbs straighten and assist them in proper movement.
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