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Many people are of the opinion that e-cigarettes are one of the best alternative for cigarettes. Well, this might not hold true, as e-cigarettes are equally bad as smoking cigarettes.
A new study has found that vaping may not only be as harmful as smoking regular cigarettes, but can also trigger unique immune responses in lungs, causing deadly inflammatory diseases.
Immune responses are the biological reactions of cells and fluids to an outside substance the body does not recognise as its own. Such immune responses play roles in disease, including lung disease spurred on by cigarette use.
The study, found that using e-cigarettes could be just as bad as smoking cigarettes. For the study, the researchers from University North Carolina (UNC) in the US compared sputum samples from 15 e-cigarette users, 14 current cigarette smokers and 15 non-smokers.
During the study researchers found that e-cigarette users uniquely exhibited significant increases in: Neutrophil granulocyte - and neutrophil-extracellular-trap (NET)-related proteins in their airways.
Although neutrophils are important in fighting pathogens, and if left unchecked neutrophils can contribute to inflammatory lung diseases, such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and cystic fibrosis, according to the researchers.
E-cigarette users also showed significant increases in NETs outside the lung, researchers said. NETs are associated with cell death in the epithelial and endothelium, the tissues lining blood vessels and organs, researchers said.
The study also found that e-cigarettes produced some of the same negative consequences as cigarettes. Both e-cigarette and cigarette users exhibited significant increases in biomarkers of oxidative stress and activation of innate defence mechanisms associated with lung disease.
"Our data shows that e-cigarettes have a signature of harm in the lung that is both similar to what we see in cigarette smokers and unique in other ways," said Mehmet Kesimer, from the UNC School of Medicine.
"This research challenges the concept that switching to e-cigarettes is a healthier alternative," Kesimer said.
The study was recently published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Meanwhile there are certain side-effects of vaping that you should know. Here are a few of them. Take a look.
Coughing is one of the major side-effects of vaping. This is more common among those who does for the first time. Several studies have shown coughing as one of the major side-effects of e-cigarettes usage.
For those of you who use e-cigarette as an alternative to cigarettes will have dehydration. This is because of the e-liquid ingredient propylene glycol contained in the e-cigarettes. When a person is vaping, they draw moisture from the environments, which includes your mouth and throat it tends to make one dehydrated.
As pointed out by several researches, e-cigarettes can make one dehydrated. So too much of dehydration can lead to headache and dizziness as well. Too much of nicotine can be the main reason for dizziness.
4. Stomach Ache:
Many people experience stomach ache after they switch off to e-cigarettes. Several studies have pointed out that too much of vaping can lead to stomach ache. This is because of the nicotine content.
(With Agency Inputs)