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10 Medical Tests Every Women Should Undergo After 40

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Are you turning 40 and stepping into the next milestone of your life ? Then keep aside everything else and have these ten most important medical tests done.

Yes, these tests are extremely important for women as they turn 40, as it is well said that prevention is better than cure. The pre-menopause phase of life for women is extremely crucial as they start putting on weight, undergo hormonal changes and have a lot of other health problems too.

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This is the age when women are prone to suffer from several diseases. Right from their physical appearance to other health issues related to the heart, bones and eyes seem to undergo a change.

During the pre-menopause stage the body's oestrogen levels decrease and women tend to have an extreme change in their menstrual cycle. Sometimes it gets heavier, sometimes lighter and comes with a lot of pain. This makes one irritated.

Also Read: Signs Of Ovarian Cancer

Also, the metabolism slows down during this period of transition. Women start putting on weight. So the best way to prevent health issues post menopause is to undergo certain essential medical tests.

Here is a list of 10 important health tests for women that they have to undergo post 40 years. Take a look.


1. Pap Smear:

This is one of the simplest tests which most of us ignore. Pap smear test is a must for women once they turn 40 as this helps to prevent any risk of cervical cancer. It is good if women start off with this test after 30. This is a must do medical test for women post 40 years that can be done once in two-three years.


2. Thyroid Functioning:

One of the most common health issues faced by women today is the thyroid problem. Few have hypothyroidism and few have hyperthyroidism. Pain in the legs, hands and joints along with swelling in the legs are a few of the common symptoms of thyroid problem.


3. Mammogram:

Several reports published in medical journals show that the number of women suffering from breast cancer is on the rise, especially for those above 40 years. So one of the best ways to prevent breast cancer is to take up a simple mammogram examination.


4. Bone Density:

As one starts ageing, bones start degenerating. It is best to undergo a preventive bone density check-up post 40 years. This helps to prevent any kind of fracture and break in the bones.


5. Heart:

It is seen that the risk of heart diseases increases with age; hence, once you turn 40, a regular check-up and screening for heart rate and related problems is necessary. This helps in preventing sudden death due to cardiac arrest.


6. Ovarian Cancer:

Ovarian cancer is mostly common among women post menopause. Hence, to prevent the risk of ovarian cancer it is best to undergo a check-up before one reaches the menopause age.


7. Vitamin D:

Deficiency in Vitamin D leads to bone loss and also the risk of developing osteoporosis. As women turn 40, they require more of Vitamin D to help absorb the calcium and prevent any loss of bones. Hence, it is necessary to get the level of Vitamin D tested.


8. Diabetes:

Women after 40 are more prone to get diabetes, especially Type 2. The body cannot produce enough insulin to maintain the glucose level. Hence, it is essential to get tested and prevent diabetes before it strikes.


9. Blood Pressure:

Women post menopause are at a risk of developing high blood pressure. So before one reaches menopause, it is better to control it. So once a woman turns 40, she needs to keep a tab on the blood pressure and go for regular check-ups.


10. Eye:

As one starts ageing, the vision starts getting affected. The vision starts getting blurred and the eyes become dry. One might also develop cataracts or glaucoma. Hence, it is important to get the eyes checked once one turns 40.

Read more about: tests, women, cancer, thyroid, diabetes
Story first published: Monday, August 29, 2016, 12:30 [IST]
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