When you have fragile bones that break easily, you suffer from the brittle bone disease. It is a disorder that results in fragile bones that break easily. It can be present during birth. It can also develop in children who have a family history of the disease.
It is also known as osteogenesis imperfecta and is definitely an inborn disease causing breaks in bones in childhood because of imperfectly formed bones. The fragility of the bones is due to collagen issues.
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Some children are born with breaks that have already taken place in the mother's womb. Others have their first fractures right after birth or several years later. Fractures are difficult to predict, particularly in childhood.
Some happen spontaneously or with so little injury that the usual signs of the fracture might not be seen and the break is not recognized until some weeks or months afterwards, when an X-ray is performed for some other reason.
The bones do not consistently behave in a fragile manner: breaks might not happen when they could be anticipated from an injury. In both genders and in virtually all types of fractures, the frequency decreases throughout the teen years and stays low in adult life.
As stated earlier, the fractures are the outcome of the defects of collagen. In many people identification is made from the pattern of breaks. In severely affected people, X-rays might show characteristic problems: the consequence of previous fractures.
In several individuals with mild or reasonable brittle bones, the X-rays might appear normal during the time of the first few breaks. Afterwards, in bones which have been the subject of previous breaks, the bones might look demineralized, and reduced radiation can be needed to get acceptable pictures for the identification of breaks.
In about fifty percent of kids with mild brittle bones, the rear of the skull where there might be more small bones in the sutures known as wormian bones are visible in X-rays.
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The treatment offered should be competent orthopaedic care during the time of fractures, to make sure that every fracture heals in a good position. Patients should be mobilized as early as possible to minimize the loss of bone due to immobilization.
In some situations rodding procedures, wherein fixed or telescopic metal rods are inserted in the shafts of bones, are helpful: especially in kids with frequent breaks or considerable disability. Exercising and swimming can also help.