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Facts A Woman Should Know About Her Sexual Health

By Padmapreetham Mahalingam

Most women don’t focus on their physical and emotional well being. Like men, even women’s sexual health is important for her to tackle the emotional, physical, and hormonal factors that contribute to her wellbeing. Sexual and reproductive wellbeing is essential if people want to have a safe and satisfying sexual life.

Sexual health entails a positive approach to human sexuality and an understanding of certain complex factors that form the human sexual behaviour. Sexuality is a positive and lifetime phase of health and wellbeing and it normally includes more than our particular behaviours.

Facts Woman Should Know About Her Body

Healthy sexual development is not only about bodily changes but it involves sexual behaviours and health care needs. And the other most important elements include building emotional maturity and a healthy body image. Most women are unaware about their sexual health and the range of issues that can arise.


Sexual health spans problems like vaginal dryness, sex allergy, breast cancer and even menopause. There are other personal problems like low sexual desire (libido) and sexual dysfunction. When it comes to health and well being, it is important that you don’t feel embarrassed to seek help regarding women’s sexual health. The most essential thing is that every woman should know the sexual health facts as this can help them maintain a healthy body image.

Here are some of the sexual health facts that every women should know in order to remain healthy.

Vaginal yeast infections
Yeast infections are common for women. Yeast infection is a fungus that generally lives in the vagina in small numbers yet they tend to multiply and may develop into candidiasis. Common symptoms of genital yeast infection include burning, soreness, redness or swelling of the vagina, vulva and anus. It sometimes causes pain while having sex. An important women’s sexual health issue is that yeast infection can happen to any girl and you need to see the doctor to find out whether you have it. The signs of yeast infection can be much like bacteria from a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It is very rare for most women to get yeast infection from sex.

Condoms essential to reduce STD
Condoms reduce the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) during intercourse. Most people still don’t use protection for sex but remember that you have to protect yourself and your woman’s sexual health by using a condom. Any kind of public contact can cause STD, however condoms does help you to reduce the risk.

Testosterone plays a key role and it is mostly linked with women’s sex drive. A women’s testosterone is highest around 20s and it slowly dips with age. Women’s ovaries tend to generate testosterones throughout her life and if it is significantly reduced it can sometimes lead to loss of libido and less pleasurable orgasms. It comes down gradually with age and the lower amounts of the hormone do lessen sensitivity in the vagina and clitoris. For women’s sexual health experts usually advise against the use of testosterone therapy for women who have not reached menopause. Most women post menopause show positive results in recuperating the loss of sexual feelings.

Female sexual dysfunction
Female sexual dysfunction is an important sexual health fact which most women may not have common knowledge of. This occurs when a woman is not able to pleasurably experience some physical stages of the body normally during sexual activity. According to women’s sexual health, female sexual dysfunction is quite common and it has been estimated that 43% of women are affected by this between the ages of 18 and 59. It is imperative to address the various aspects of sexuality whether it’s physical, physiological and psychological in order to resolve this problem.

Some women can find penetration quite painful during intercourse and the problem is evidently due to Vaginismus and not vagina. Vaginismus is a medical condition by which the vaginal muscles will unwillingly tighten up to a certain point where women will normally experience vaginal pain during intercourse. It causes is related to tension. If this is left untreated it can become a serious issue between couples.

Sex allergy
Allergies have something to do with vaginal itching and burning after sex. Sex allergy that women experience is due to some allergic reaction to semen. This condition can vary from partner to partner due to some kind of protein involved in the seminal fluid. If this disorder is left untreated it can lead to anaphylaxis in some women.

Urinary incontinence
Urinary incontinence is an unintentional loss of urine from the bladder. This is the most common problem among both sexes. It occurs in women during pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause. The commonest urinary incontinence in women is called stress urinary incontinence (SUI). This is when the bladder sphincter just yields a small amount of urine under pressure such as when coughing, laughing, sneezing or while doing some physical exercise. The better way to prevent urinary incontinence is to execute pelvic floor muscle exercises.

Hot Flashes and Menopause
There is a stage where women reach the end of her reproductive capabilities. Most women enter menopause between the age of 45 to 55. During menopause most women experience mood swings, heightened emotions and hypersensitivity. The other possible symptoms include hot flashes, vaginal dryness, reduced sex drive and night sweats. Treatment for menopause often requires a multifaceted approach such as medications and self care practices.

These are some of the women's sexual health issues that every woman should know.

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    Read more about: women health
    Story first published: Thursday, July 31, 2014, 1:00 [IST]
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