7 Reasons For Abdominal Cramps During Pregnancy

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Pregnancy is an exciting and stressful period in the life of a woman. Anything that you feel unusual will put you under stress. And you will be worried most about the safety of the unborn baby. But, it is natural for you to experience changes that are associated with pregnancy in your physical and mental conditions. Pains during pregnancy fall under this category.

Abdominal cramps during pregnancy can make a pregnant woman go through various doubts ranging from the chances of acidity to chances of a miscarriage. Some of these are common, while some others demand extra care and attention. There are many known causes that attribute to abdominal cramps during pregnancy. Abdominal cramps during pregnancy may vary in its intensity, duration and frequency, depending on the cause of the cramping.


There are chances that women experience cramps in the early stage of pregnancy, even when they don’t know that they are pregnant. They fail to differentiate cramping due to implantation and menstrual cramping that occur as a part of premenstrual syndrome. Knowing the reasons for cramps during pregnancy will help you associate this with your specific health status to decide when to seek medical advice.

Here we may go through some of the most common causes of abdominal pains during pregnancy.

Cramps | Pregnancy | Prenatal

Implantation: It is normal to have abdominal cramps during implantation. This is seen in the early pregnancy, probably 6-10 days after the ovulation. This may be followed by mild bleeding or spotting. There is no need to worry in this case as it will resolve by itself as you move into pregnancy.

Acidity: Acidity is a common problem that occurs in pregnant women. This is one of the major reasons of abdominal cramps during pregnancy. Watch the position and degree of pain and this will help you differentiate it from other pains during pregnancy.

Ectopic pregnancy: If you experience strong and unbearable pain only on one side, there are chances of ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy refers to the implantation of the foetus anywhere other than the uterus, most commonly in the Fallopian tube. This condition needs emergency medical care.

Miscarriage: The most feared condition by pregnant women, a miscarriage, is also one of the most important causes of abdominal pain during pregnancy. This can occur in any stages of the pregnancy and will be generally associated with spotting or bleeding. If you have a history of miscarriage, seek immediate medical assistance.

Urinary infections: Pregnant women have low immunity and have more chances of getting urinary infections. If left untreated, urinary infections will affect the bladder, which will cause abdominal cramps during pregnancy. Urinary infections should be treated at the earliest to avoid any pregnancy complications.

Pre-term labour: Pre-term labour is another serious complication that may occur anytime before 37 weeks. Abdominal cramping with lower back pain, spotting or bleeding and vaginal discharge are the early symptoms of pre-term labour.

Uterine stretching: One of the most common causes of uterine cramps during pregnancy is the growing uterus. The uterus goes on stretching to give enough space for the growing foetus. This pain usually occurs after seven months when the baby starts to grow in size.

Read more about: prenatal, pregnancy care
Story first published: Saturday, June 28, 2014, 10:04 [IST]
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