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What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of HIV?

By: Debdatta Mazumder

It is difficult to understand the signs of HIV at early stage. The common symptoms of HIV are fever, rashes, muscle pain, etc. which can happen due to several other reasons.So, the best way to know if you are HIV affected or not is to go through the HIV test.

What are the signs and symptoms of HIV? Actually, the signs of HIV vary from person to person, depending on the stage of your disease. There are three stages: the early stage, the clinical latency stage and the last stage or AIDS.

Also Read: Common Myths About HIV

The symptoms of HIV infection are fever, sore throat, muscle and joint pain, rashes, swollen lymph nodes and many more. Before discussing detail about the signs of HIV, you should know a bit detail of the virus.

HIV is a virus that affects the immunity system of human body and attacks the CD4 cells which are responsible to prevent your body from any type of illness.

Also Read: Infections That Increase The Chances Of HIV

The virus spread so fast that it destroys the CD4 cells rapidly and your body loses the power to prevent any kind of illness. When human body can't prevent itself from any type of diseases, then it is the condition of AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome).

Medication is the only way to survive, but HIV infection and AIDS are life threatening. What are the signs and symptoms of HIV? Read on to know more-


1. Fever

This is one of the basic signs of having HIV infection. You can have mild to high fever as the temperature can reach up to 102 degree F. Along with fever, you can lose weight, feel lethargic and suffer from headache.


2. Pain and Swollen Lymph Nodes

As lymph nodes are part of your immunity system; it is quite obvious that those will be affected greatly by the HIV infection. Due to the swelling in lymph nodes, you can suffer from joint pains and muscle pains.


3. Fatigue

What are the signs and symptoms of HIV? If your fever is accompanied with fatigue, you can go for HIV test. As your immunity system gets weaker day by day, your body lose the power to prevent illness and being lethargic is inevitable.


4. Skin Rash

Skin rashes and redness of skin can appear on the early or late stage of your disease. But, how to know that these rashes are for HIV infection and not for any allergic condition? These rashes look like boils and pinkish in colour. If those are not going easily, go for HIV test.


5. Weight Loss

Rapid weight loss is a significant symptom of having AIDS. At the final stage, a patient can suffer from diarrhea which augments more weight loss. No matter how much the patient eats, h/she loses weight continuously.


6. Nausea and Vomiting

If you ask, ‘what are the signs and symptoms of HIV?' these can't be avoided. According to a medical study, 30%-60% of HIV patients suffer from nausea and vomiting at the early stage of infection. Also an unresponsive diarrhea can be a vital symptom of AIDS.


7. Dry Cough

If this continues for a year or so and all antibiotics and inhalers fail to cure it, you have something to get worried. Go immediately for HIV test as this can be a major sign of AIDS. What are the signs and symptoms of HIV? Hopefully, you get your answer.

Read more about: hiv, symptoms, signs, fever
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