The Gauri festival is a very important festival that is celebrated in many parts of India. This festival is celebrated just a day before the celebrations of the Ganesh Chaturthi. The Gauri festival is also referred to as the Gauri Ganesha or the Gowri Habba in Karnataka.
This festival is mainly dedicated to all the married women. The Gauri festival is celebrated on Bhadrapada Shuddha Tritiya in accordance to the Hindu calendar. The Ganesh Chaturthi commences from the very next day, that is, the Bhadrapada Shuddha Chaturthi.
The Gauri festival is observed by all the married women in order to promote their interests. It is said that Goddess Gauri bestows her blessings on the women and blesses their husbands with a long and beautiful life along with prosperity and fertility.
The Gauri festival is almost similar to the Varamahalakshmi Vrata and the only difference is that the deity of Goddess Gauri is worshipped in place of Goddess Lakshmi.
Gauri And Ganesha
Goddess Parvati, Gauri, created Ganesha with the help of only a small amount of turmeric paste from her own body. Ganesh Chaturthi is also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi and is considered to be Lord Ganesha's birthday.
Lord Ganesha is the God of prosperity, wisdom, and auspiciousness. Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated during the Hindu month, Bhadrapada. To celebrate Lord Ganesha's birthday and to please him, the people of India celebrate Ganesh Chaturthi. The festival is celebrated for ten days.
Generally, two idols of Gauri are brought home, and they are worshipped for three days. This signifies health, happiness, wealth, and prosperity. The Gauri idols are considered to be Lord Ganesha's sisters.
In West Bengal, Lakshmi and Saraswati are known to be the sisters of Ganesha, and they are the children of Goddess Durga. There are many legends that tell that Lakshmi and Saraswati are also considered to be the two wives of Lord Ganesha - Riddhi and Siddhi.
Goddess Gauri is followed by Lord Ganesha and this is the main reason as to Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated after the Gauri pooja.
Legend Of Gauri Ganesha
As the legend goes, Goddess Parvati had no one in Kailash, and she was lonely. Kailash is known as Lord Shiva's abode. A statue was created by her with dust from her own body, and she breathed life into it.
She lovingly named him Ganesha and ordered him to stand guard while she went for a bath. Lord Shiva was unaware that Ganesha was Goddess Parvati's son. Ganesha did not allow Him to enter as ordered by his mother. Lord Shiva got angry and chopped off the boy's head instantly.
As soon as Goddess Parvati heard this news, she became very agitated and angry. In all confusion and anger, the head of the boy was lost. This was when Lord Shiva ordered his companions to chop the head of the first animal that they would come across.
This was the only way his life could be saved. The companions found the head of a white elephant and brought it back to Lord Shiva. This is why Lord Ganesha has an elephant's head.
Rituals Followed On Gauri Festival
Gauri is worshipped by the women with a lot of devotion, and she is known as the incarnation of Adi Shakti, who is the final source of power. The married women make an idol of Gauri from turmeric and do the sthapana of the idol.
This idol is placed on rice or a cereal mound. Sometimes, the women build a canopy of banana and mango leaves. Lord Ganesha comes on the day after the idol of Gauri is worshipped.