Bijoya Dashami, or Vijaya Dashami, is the final day of celebration during the festival of Durga pooja. While the festival of Durga Pooja is celebrated all over India under various forms and names, Kolkata goes a notch higher in its celebrations.
Durga pooja is arguably the most important religious festival of the eastern part of India. The state of West Bengal is home to some of the lavish and exuberant celebrations during this time. If Mumbai is famous for its Ganesh Pooja, Kolkata is known for its Durga pooja.
Vijaya Dashami is celebrated on the last day of the Durga pooja celebrations. It is done on the Dashami tithi or the tenth day of the month of Ashwin. In the year 2017, the celebration of Vijaya Dashami falls on the 30th of September, which is a Saturday. The Vijay Muhurt starts from 14.14 to 15.02 and it lasts for 47 minutes. The Aparahna pooja time starts from 13.27 to 15.50. It lasts for 2 hours and 23 minutes.
Bijoya Dashami is an auspicious time and people gather to celebrate it. The people of all classes and creeds come together as one to give the Goddess a lovely send off. The devotees of the Goddess worship her in all her forms for the nine days and on the day of Vijaya Dashami, they send her away with lots of respect and love.
Just like most festivals in India, the day of Bijoya Dashami has a lot of legends and stories associated with it. On the occasion of Bijoya Dashami, let's take a look at the many stories associated with it.
The Slaying Of Demon Mahishasura
The most popular story associated with Bijoya Dashami is the story of the Demon Mahishasura and Goddess Durga. It is said that the demon Mahishasura often appeared in the form of a wild buffalo. The demon had received boons that no man or God shall be able to kill him. He assumed that this boon would be enough to grant him immortality. Armed with this boon, he started terrorizing all the three worlds.
All of the being in these worlds begged and prayed for respite from the clutches of this demon. In answer, the Mother Goddess appeared as the Goddess Durga. The form of Durga was resplendent and fear evoking at the same time. She rode her vahan, which was a lion and held terrible weapons in her 10 hands.
In this form, she fought the demon Mahishasura. It was on the day of Bijoya Dashami that Mahishasura was defeated and killed.
The Defeat Of Ravana
The celebrations of Vijaya Dashami also mark the defeat of the Rakshasa King Ravan. It is said that it was on the day of Vijaya Dashami that Lord Rama finally killed the evil Ravana and rescued his wife Sita from his clutches. This occasion is also celebrated as Dussehra in various parts of the country.
The End Of Exile For The Pandavas
The Pandavas had to go on an exile of 12 years and 1 year of Agyatvaas, when they lost a game of dice to their cousins, the Kauravas. The day of Vijaya Dashami marks the day that the Agyatvas period in the exile was over and the Pandavas were free to come back into the public eyes.
Reunion Of Goddess Durga With Lord Shiva.
It is said that on the day of Bijoya Dashami, the Goddess got back to her husband Lord Shiva having completed the reason of taking up her avatar. After killing the demon Mahishasura, the Goddess returned to her home to reside with Lord Shiva as Goddess Parvati. The devotees worship Goddess Durga for 9 days and then perform Visarjan on the Bijoya Dashami day. It is seen as a ritual that resembles the return of a bride back to her husband's home.