Karwa Chauth is perhaps the most significant festival for a married woman. Traditionally, it is believed that the fast of Karwa Chauth is observed by married women for the long and healthy life of her husband. But it is a relatively lesser known fact that the vrat of Karwa Chauth is also kept for the health and long life of the progeny of the family and the happiness and prosperity of the family.
The tradition of Karwa Chauth is celebrated more in the Northern states of India. It is comparatively less popular in the Southern regions of the country. The word 'Karwa' refers to the earthern pot or the pitcher in which water is kept and is used to offer 'Arghya' to the Moon God. Hence it is an important part of the rituals of the vrat.
Did you know that the Karwa Chauth of this year has a special significance? We shall discuss this and more in today's article about Karwa Chauth Vrat muhurt and vidhi. Read on to know more.
Karwa Chauth Vrat
Karwa Vrat is celebrated every year on the fourth day of the Krishna Paksha in the month of Kartik. This is as per the Amanta calendar followed by the people in the Gujarat and Maharashtra region. In the south the month is called Ashwin and thus the date of Karwa Chauth falls on the same day.
The muhurt of Karwa Chauth in 2017
The festival of Karwa Chauth will be celebrated on the 8th of October in the year 2017 as per the Gregorian calendar. The Muhurt of the Karwa Chauth Vrat lasts for 1 hour and 12 minutes. It starts from 18.08 to 19.21.
The significance of Karwa Chauth this year
Karwa Chauth also coincides with the Sankashti Chaturthi. Shankashti Chturthi is the day on which people fast in honour of Lord Ganesha. It is believed that a Chaturthi that falls on a Sunday or a Tuesday is very auspicious. Therefore, performing the vrat this year is especially significant.
The rituals of Karwa Chauth
Sargi is a tradition where the mother in law fills an earthen pot with goodies like dry fruits and gifts it to her daughter in law. This is to be eaten before sunrise. The daughter in law also drinks water and coconut water to keep herself hydrated.
As per the traditional custom, Baya is the gift that the parents of the daughter in law give to the mother in law during Karwa Chauth. These days, the daughter in law herself gifts her mother in law with Baya. It usually contains money, jewelry, sweets and more.
The pooja of Karwa Chauth
An area of is cleaned with mud and an idol of Goddess Parvati is installed. Pooja is offered to this idol. The Karwa Chauth vrat katha is narrated for all present to hear. All the participants pray for the successful completion of the pooja and also pray for the long life of their husbands.
The tradition of Henna
On the day of Karwa Chauth, the women folk gather and apply mehendi on their hands and feet. It is sad that the deeper the colour of the henna, deeper the love of the husband for the woman.
Colours of Karwa Chauth
Women wear new and clean cloths of bright colours. They also deck themselves up with jewelry and make up. All this shows to the word their satisfaction and happiness in their wedded life. The colours that are thought to be auspicious are red, orange, saffron and gold.
The thali of Karwa Chauth
The thali or plate of Karwa Chauth is decorated. Sweets, fenia, dry fruits, matthi and vermillion are arranged on the plate.
The earthen lamps
The women fill an earthen lamp with ghee or oil. Place a wick in it and get it ready to be lit. They also take a vessel filled with water. These are also placed on the thali. The thali is then taken to a place where the full moon will be visible.
Seeing the full moon
When the full moon rises, the husbands come and stand in front of their wives. The wives look at the moon through a sieve and then offer the moon Arghya using the water on their thali. They look at their husbands through the sieve. A prayer is then offered for the long life of the husbands.
Breaking the fast
The husband then offers his wife water and her first morsel of food. After breaking the fast, a grand feast is enjoyed by all present.