Gowri Pooja or Gowri Habba, as it is known in Karnataka, is one of the most observed vrats and poojas all over India. If it is celebrated as Gowri Habba in the state of Karnataka, it is observed as Hartalika Vrat in the North Indian states of UP, Bihar, Jharkhand, Maharashtra and Rajasthan.
It is a festival dedicated to the Goddess Parvati and she is worshipped as the supreme power - Maha Maya. The festival serves as a reminder of the Goddess's devotion and love towards her spouse, Lord Shiva. It is said that she finally fulfilled her wish of uniting with Lord Shiva on this occasion. This day is used to pay homage to the Goddess and the austerities she went through to attain her wish.
Gowri Habba is celebrated every year on the Shukla Tritiya of the Bhadrapada month. In the Gregorian year, it falls during the months of August and September. In the year 2017, 24th of August will be celebrated as the day of Gowri Habba.
To help you celebrate the holy occasion of Gowri Habba, we have come up with a list of samagri for the pooja. Please note that this list applies to the poojas done as per the rituals in Karnataka. Read on to know more.
Torana is a decorative piece made from mango leaves. Mango leaves are considered to be holy and sacred. These are used in many poojas, especially the ones dedicated to the mother goddesses. Mango leaves are threaded together and hung on the doorway. The toran is also used to decorate the pooja area.
The banana tree is considered to be very auspicious. It brings in prosperity and is also considered a symbol of fertility. The banana leaves and stems are often used to decorate mantaps used for poojas. The banana fruit is also placed as an offering to the deity. For Gowri Habba, use the banana stems to decorate the pooja area. Tie them across the pooja room or mantap.
Idol Of The Deity For Worship
Arishana Gowri or Mannina Gowri is made in the households. Some households use clay and others use turmeric to make the image of Goddess Gowri. It depends upon the tradition followed by the specific household. The idol is to be placed on a plate that has been layered with rice.
Depending upon the tradition of the household, Kalasha is made to represent the Goddess. It is often placed on the rice plate.
An image or idol of Lord Ganesha is essential to celebrate Gowri Habba. It is also placed in the pooja area. The Ganesha idol must be worshipped before commencing the proper pooja.
Arishina Kumkuma Thatte
Arishina Kumkuma Thatte must contain the following: kumkuma, arishina, adike, bhukkihittu, karpoora, agarbatti, mangala arati bathi, hoobathi, hidi and 16 yele gejje vastras.
Panchamrutha is the traditional offering to the deity. It is translated as 5 nectars. It should contain milk, curd, ghee, sugar and honey. It can be placed in a bowl or a plate.
Flower garlands, flowers and tulsi are essential for the pooja. Prepare it before hand and place it in the pooja area. Some of the flowers are to be used for decoration as well.
Offerings for the God may consist of fruits and delicacies like bele obbattu and huggi.
Coconuts are an important part of any pooja. Keep an unbroken coconut for the kalasha (if keeping) and another coconut to break at the end of the pooja.
Keep betel leaves and place bananas on it as an offering to the Goddess Gowri.
Take a plate and fill it with rice. Place 2 coconuts in it on 2 betel leaves. Also place areca nuts and dakshina that are to be offered. Close this plate using another plate or a banana leaf.
Sacred Turmeric Thread
A thread is to be covered with arishina and 16 knots are to be made on it. A thread is to be made for each participant in the pooja. A flower is also put into the thread. It is then placed on 2 betel leaves and areca nuts. These are to be placed on the right side of the Goddess.
After the pooja, betel leaves and areca nuts are given to the members in the household along with a fruit. The thread is touched on both the wrists three times and then tied on the right hand of every participant. The fruit, areca nut and the betel leaf in the hands of the members are given to a priest or a Brahmin. Upayana Dhana is also given to them.
Aarati with lamps is performed before the Goddess. For this halagarathi, nandadeepa, hoobathi, 16 deeparathis, etc. are prepared for the Goddess Gowri.