- 35 min ago What Are Leptin And Ghrelin And How Do They Affect The Body Weight?
- 58 min ago Vikrant Rona Actress Jacqueline Fernandez Goes Retro In Co-ord Set! PICS
- 1 hr ago What Is Short Bowel Syndrome? Causes, Symptoms, Complications And Treatments
- 5 hrs ago South Africa In New Surge Of COVID-19 From Versions Of Omicron
- Sports IPL Playoffs Stats & Record: Most Wins in Playoffs, Most Runs, Most Centuries, Most Wickets, Most Sixes & More
- Technology iQOO Neo 6 Indian Variant Specs Revealed; How Is It Different From Chinese Counterpart?
- Finance Stock To Buy: Agrochemicals Stock That Can Gain 30% On Higher Prices & Expansion
- Automobiles BGauss D15 Launched In India - Prices Start At Rs 99,999
- Movies Chris Pratt Remembers Jurassic World Co-Star Irrfan Khan, Calls Him 'An Exquisite Actor'
- News IMD withdraws red alert as rain subsides; Orange Alert issued in 5 districts of Kerala
- Travel 10 Wonderful Destinations In Madhya Pradesh You Must Visit
- Education Goa Board SSC, HSSC Result 2022 Declared At gbshse.info, Download GBSHSE Term 1 Exam Result Here
Heavy menstrual bleeding is a common problem that affects girls and women of all ages. It causes a lot of weakness, discomfort, inconvenience and often inability to perform their daily work.
The normal period flow should be for about 3 to 5 days with a change of about 3 pads per day. The periods should normally come every 25 to 35 days. Any menstrual bleeding which is heavier or out of this 25 - 35 days range, should be considered abnormal and the woman should seek help from her gynaecologist.
Common reasons for heavy menses can be hormonal imbalance, bleeding disorders fibroids, adenomyosis or endometriosis, polyps in the womb, thickening or excess growth of the lining of the womb (endometrial hyperplasia) or even cancers in some patients.
The important thing is to first diagnose the reason behind heavy bleeding and this can be done by pelvic sonography and some blood tests including haemoglobin to see if the heavy bleeding is causing anaemia. Also, hormone tests for PCOS, cancer screening tests such as PAP smear etc. can be done. Most of these tests are simple and not very expensive. Sometimes, especially in older women, a biopsy of the uterus lining (endometrium) or mouth of the womb (cervix)may be necessary to rule out cancer.
Treatment will depend on the cause of the heavy bleeding and maybe something as simple as oral tablets for 3 - 5 days during the menses or hormone tablets throughout the month for a few months. If the woman does not want to plan a pregnancy, one of the best treatments is a hormone intrauterine device which can be placed inside the uterus in just five minutes, which then slowly releases hormones locally, reduces menstrual bleeding and gives relief from heavy menses for five years. Even injections can be given once a month to stop periods temporarily in some cases.
Polyps which are soft grape-like growths inside the womb, or submucous fibroids which are simple firm tumours on the inner side of the womb cause heavy bleeding, and can be easily removed without any cuts or stitches by putting a thin telescope with a camera (hysteroscope) through the natural passage into the womb. The patient recovers quickly and can go home the same day after the procedure.
If there is a problem that requires surgery, then nowadays almost all procedures can be done by keyhole or endoscopic surgery.
Fibroids or simple tumours of the womb can be removed by laparoscopic surgery, as can be cysts of the ovary such as endometriotic cysts (chocolate cyst of the ovary, where blood accumulates in the ovary). In older women, even the womb can be removed if necessary, by keyhole surgery. The patient recovers fast with minimal discomfort. There is also non-surgical treatment using MRI, which can be used to treat fibroids without any cuts or stitches.
On A Final Note...
It is important to not delay seeing your gynaecologist if you suffer from heavy menses. May simple treatments are available to relieve you of your problem and there is absolutely no reason to suffer the discomfort of heavy menstrual bleeding.
- wellnessSpain Set To Become The First Western Nation To Provide Three Days Of Menstrual Leave In A Month
- wellnessAbout 50 Per Cent Of Women Aged 15-24 Years Still Use Cloth For Menstrual Protection: NFHS-5
- basicsExpert Article: Do You Have Endometriosis? Symptoms And Treatment
- diet fitnessInternational Women's Day: 7 Yoga Poses To Induce Periods Naturally
- wellness14 Period Symptoms You Shouldn't Ignore: Signs You Should Visit A Doctor
- disorders cureRed Tears - Woman Bleeds From The Eye During Her Periods! Know About The Rare Condition
- wellnessUnmoda Launches Sustainable Period Underwear On Women's Day
- wellnessHow To Use Period Underwear: Safe Option Replacing Pads And Tampons During Menstruation
- diet fitnessHow To Exercise On Your Periods? Best Exercises To Do And To Avoid
- women10 Things You Should Never Tell To A Woman While She Is On Her Periods
- womenMenstruation Hygiene Day 2020: Ways In Which You Can Talk About Menstruation
- wellnessMenstrual Hygiene Day 2020: 15 Best Foods To Ease Period Pain