- 10 hrs ago Sara Ali Khan’s Ethnic Kurta Sets Style Is What You Need For Indian Wear
- 11 hrs ago Rhea Chakraborty Looks Sizzling In Black Outfit! PICS
- 13 hrs ago Monthly Horoscope October 2022: Astrological Predictions For All Zodiac Signs
- 14 hrs ago Navratri 2022: 5 Ways To Detox After Navratri Celebrations
- Sports Legends League Cricket: Pathan brothers explode as Bhilwara Kings beat Gujarat Giants to qualify for playoffs
- News PM Modi ditches mic to address huge gathering in Rajasthan; here's why
- Finance Cryptocurrency Is Gaining In Trade, But At Slow Pace, Bitcoin Quoted At US$ 19,692
- Movies Richa Chadha And Ali Fazal Look Resplendent At Their Cocktail Party; See Pics
- Automobiles Jawa 42 Bobber Launched In India - Prices Start at Rs 2.06 Lakh
- Technology BSNL to Soon Launch 4G Services Pan India; Signs Deal With TCS
- Education Bihar NEET PG Counselling 2022: PGMAC Rank Card Released, Know How To Check
- Travel List of The Shortest Rivers In The World
Approximately 20 per cent of people in the world are smokers. Smoking is the cause of 20 to 35 per cent of cancers in various countries. Among various cancers, the lung is the organ primarily affected by smoking. Smoking causes coronary artery disease, stroke and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), apart from cancer, to name a few. Tobacco may have killed more people in the 20th century, than both the world wars put together!
Tobacco is also consumed in other forms apart from smoking, such as chewing tobacco, snuff, etc., which are equally dangerous as well. In India and other south Asian countries, tobacco chewing is an important concern, unlike in the west. South Asian counties contribute to one-third of patients suffering from oral and throat cancers worldwide. In India, oral and throat cancers are among the top five causes of death due to cancers.
Smoking causes various diseases in the lungs, and the commonest are cancer and COPD. COPD is one of the leading causes of death, and in fact, one of the top five causes in most countries. Smoking is the cause of COPD, except in a very small percentage of patients. Other leading causes of death, Ischaemic heart disease and stroke are also caused and aggravated by smoking. Smoking permanently affects the airways, resulting in the obstruction to airflow, which is the hallmark of COPD. Many patients may also manifest with excessive, persistent sputum production. COPD is a relentless disease, which will invariably progress, once it sets in. Unfortunately, there is no treatment available to stop the progression, leave alone the reversal of the disease. Symptomatic treatments do help to an extent. In fact, the only intervention to slow down the progression of COPD (not to stop the progression), is the stoppage of smoking.
Smoking causes premature thickening of arteries all over the body, including the coronary arteries of the heart, the carotid vessels of the neck and the cerebral vessels of the brain. Heart attacks in young are most often due to smoking. Smoking also causes peripheral vascular diseases, which may necessitate limb amputations to save the life. Strokes in young are also more often seen in smokers.
Lung cancer is the most common cancer worldwide, accounting and is the leading cancer killer in both men and women in many countries. Around 90% of lung cancers are because by smoking. More than half of people with lung cancer die within 1 year of being diagnosed, despite all treatments. Tobacco smoke contains at least 80 different cancer-causing substances (carcinogenic agents). The more a person smokes, the younger they start, and the longer they keep smoking, all further increasing the risk of cancer. Currently, tobacco use is responsible for around 22% of all cancer deaths.
Passive smoking, whether at home or work, is also lethal. Non-smokers who reside with a smoker have a 20 to 30 per cent increase in risk for developing lung cancer when compared with non-smokers who do not reside with a smoker. To quote BMJ, 'Cigarette is the deadliest artefact in human civilisation. But unfortunately, as high as one-sixth of homo sapiens smoke'.
There are 3 proven ways to reduce the risk of lung cancer- don't smoke; if you are a smoker, stop smoking; and, avoid second-hand or passive smoke.
Smoking damages nearly every organ in the body. People can significantly reduce their chance of smoking-related disease by giving it up.
- wellnessSmoking Linked To Thicker And Weaker Heart, Says New Study
- wellnessSmoking, Alcohol & High BMI Are Primary Risk Factors For Cancer Death: Study
- wellnessCOVID In Smokers: An Expert Explains
- wellnessLighter Fluid, Sewer Gas And Other Chemicals That Go Into Your Body When You Smoke
- wellness'Tobacco Causes Painful Death': New Health Warning From December 1 On Tobacco Packs
- oral careExpert Article: Want More Out Of Your Life? Quit Smoking, Quit Smoking, Quit Smoking!
- wellnessExpert Article: Quit Smoking To Reduce Your Risk Of Tongue Cancer
- wellnessWorld Health Day 2022: How To Help Someone Quit Smoking; Does Support Work? A Step-by-Step Guide
- pulseYouth Across India Unite For Dialogue On Solutions To Fight Tobacco Menace
- postnatalFactors That Could Affect The Taste, Smell And Production Of Breast Milk
- disorders cureWorld No Tobacco Day: Cigarette Smoking, Its Risk Factors, Addiction, Quitting And Treatment
- wellnessWhat Are The Causes Of Hot Flashes? Menopause, Smoking, Obesity And More