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A multi-disciplinary team of specialist at Apollo Hospitals Chennai, Asia's largest and most trusted multi-specialty chain of hospitals, performed a remarkable surgery on a 50-year-old Bangladeshi man to remove a rare recurrent chest wall Chondroscarcoma tumour. The tumour was safely removed, and the chest wall was reconstructed using synthetic materials and back muscle tissue. A new chest wall was formed after the sternal bone was repaired with bone cement wrapped in a mesh.
Mr. Abdullah, a 50-year-old Bangladeshi gentleman, reported to Apollo Hospitals in Chennai with a tumour developing from his rib in his chest wall. The tumour began as a swelling in his chest wall in November 2020, and he was assessed and operated on in December 2020 in his hometown of Bangladesh. The tumour was discovered to be a chondrosarcoma, which is a cancerous tumour that arises from the cartilage that joins the rib to the spine.
The surgeon in Bangladesh, has removed the tumor along with his left first and second rib. Unfortunately, his tumour recurred within 6 months of surgery, in May 2021. It was much larger and growing rapidly this time. Mr. Abdullah decided to seek opinion from higher centers in India as there was no expertise and infrastructure support to perform such an operation in Bangladesh.
The most effective treatment for chondrosarcoma is surgery, however, his tumour in the chest wall was enormous and widespread, involving vital neck structures and huge veins originating from the heart. He was started on chemotherapy at another institute prior to coming to Apollo Hospitals in an attempt to decrease the tumour, despite the fact that it is not standard of treatment. His tumour in the chest wall did not diminish despite chemotherapy and targeted therapy, and it continued to grow in size.
Speaking about the complexity of the disease, Dr Ajit Pai, Senior Consultant in Surgical Oncology and Robotic Surgery, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai said, "The lesion comprised three components, one each in the neck, chest wall, and inside the chest, squeezing the key structures in the neck, the heart, lungs, and the major vessels. The patient started to develop difficulty in breathing, swallowing and chest pain. Multiple centres across India were hesitant to offer surgery to him owing to the complexity of the lesion and the perceived low probability of success."
He added, "At this juncture, he reported to us and we thoroughly evaluated him. His scans revealed a tumour in the chest wall and neck with involvement of the sternum (central chest bone), collar bone, ribs, important vessels in the chest and neck (aorta, carotid and subclavian Vessels) and the windpipe (trachea)."
Based on a detailed study done by the team of experts headed by Dr Ajit Pai, Senior Consultant in Surgical Oncology with support from the Dr Rajarajan Venkatesan, Vascular surgeon, Dr MM Yusuf, Cardiothoracic Surgeon, Dr Arun Kannan, Orthopedic Surgeon, Dr Chepauk Ramesh, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon and Dr Bhaskar, Cardiac Anesthetist the surgery was planned and performed.
The patient underwent a 14-hour surgery on the 25th of February 2022 and his tumour along with part of the sternum, 3 ribs on each side and collar bones were removed completely. The vital blood vessels were preserved because of careful preoperative planning and meticulous surgery. The chest wall was reconstructed by the plastic and reconstructive surgeon with synthetic materials and tissue from the back muscles. The sternal bone was reconstructed with bone cement encased in a mesh and a new chest wall was created.
Appreciating the team of doctors Ms. Preetha Reddy, Vice Chairperson, Apollo Hospitals group said, "We have always believed that harnessing the right technology and combining it with medical expertise help work miracles. This case is one such example, we are happy to be setting high standards in patient care. At Apollo Hospitals, we put the patient first in all we do and deliver world-class treatment that is both accessible and affordable. We are convinced that such medical milestones will alter the lives of many more individuals who are in dire need."
Mr. Abdullah recovered well in the post-operative period without major complications with intensive post-operative care in the CCU. The Biopsy report confirmed that his Cancerous tumour was removed completely with negative margins and he is currently undergoing radiation therapy which is an adjunct to the surgery. His surgery and uneventful recovery have given him a new lease of life and a prospect of cure, which seemed a remote possibility a few months ago.
About Apollo Hospitals:
It was in 1983, that Dr. Prathap C Reddy made a pioneering endeavor by launching India's first corporate hospital - Apollo Hospitals in Chennai. Now, as Asia's foremost trusted integrated healthcare group, its presence includes over 12,000 beds across 72 Hospitals, 4500+ Pharmacies, over 120 Primary Care clinics and 700+ Diagnostic centers, 500 plus Telemedicine Centers, over 15 medical education centers and a Research Foundation with a focus on global Clinical Trials, epidemiological studies, stem cell & genetic research, Apollo Hospitals has been at the forefront of new medical advancements with the most recent investment being the commissioning of South East Asia's very first Proton Therapy Centre in Chennai.
Every four days, the Apollo Hospitals Group touches a million lives, in its mission to bring healthcare of international standards within the reach of every individual. In a rare honor, the Government of India had issued a commemorative stamp in recognition of Apollo's contribution, the first for a healthcare organization. Apollo Hospitals Chairman, Dr. Prathap C Reddy, was conferred with the prestigious Padma Vibhushan in 2010. For 37 years, the Apollo Hospitals Group has continuously excelled and maintained leadership in medical innovation, world-class clinical services and cutting-edge technology. Its hospitals are consistently ranked amongst the best hospitals in the country for advanced medical services.
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