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Yoga is an ancient Indian practice that brings the mind and body together by building strength, awareness, and harmony. Due to the immense popularity of yoga and the health benefits that it provides physically and mentally, many schools have introduced yoga as a part of their curriculum. Like every year, this year too International Yoga Day will be celebrated on 21 June.
There are different kinds of yoga practices that incorporate breathing exercises, meditation and poses to promote relaxation and lower stress.
Health Benefits Of Yoga
1. Improves heart health
Studies have shown that yoga can keep your heart healthy and lower the chances of heart diseases. A study published in the Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology found that, people above 40 years who practised yoga for five years had reduced blood pressure and pulse rate compared to those who didn't practice yoga .
2. Builds strength
Practising yoga daily helps in building strength and muscles. A study published in the Asian Journal of Sports Medicine showed that sun salutation or Surya Namaskar increases upper body strength, promotes weight loss and endurance .
3. Reduces depression
Yoga has an antidepressant effect on the mind, which could decrease the symptoms of depression . This is because yoga lowers cortisol levels, a stress hormone that influences serotonin levels, the neurotransmitter often linked to depression.
4. Lowers stress
Cortisol is the stress hormone that is mainly responsible for creating stress in your body. A study showed the powerful effect of yoga in women suffering from stress, and after a 3-month program, they had low levels of stress, fatigue, anxiety, and depression .
5. Relieves anxiety
Practising yoga is a great way to cope with feelings of anxiety. In a study, 34 women were diagnosed with anxiety disorder and after they practised yoga, their anxiety levels were reduced .
6. Improves flexibility and balance
Another health benefit of yoga is it improves flexibility and balance. A study was conducted on 26 male college athletes who practised yoga for 10 weeks and saw a significant increase in flexibility and balance . Another study found that practising yoga could also help promote mobility and balance in older adults  .
7. Supports joint health
Regular yoga practice can lower joint pain by strengthening the muscles around the joints and lessen the pain. A study showed that practising yoga for eight weeks could decrease the severity of physical and psychological symptoms in patients with rheumatoid arthritis .
8. Aids in weight loss
Practising intense yoga exercises can help you burn a lot of calories. According to a study published in the American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, yoga can aid in losing weight 
9. Lowers pain and inflammation
Yoga can help lower many types of chronic pain. A study conducted in 42 individuals with carpal tunnel syndrome found that yoga is effective in reducing pain and improving grip strength  . Yoga is also known to reduce chronic inflammation as well. Chronic inflammation causes heart disease, cancer, and diabetes.
10. Promotes good sleep
Want to sleep better? Try doing yoga as studies have highlighted that yoga can promote good sleep. People who practise yoga fall asleep faster and sleep longer because yoga increases the secretion of melatonin, a hormone that regulates sleep and wakefulness  ,  .
11. Enhances the quality of life
According to a study, practising yoga improves quality of life as well as reduces moodiness and fatigue  . In another study, women who were diagnosed with breast cancer underwent chemotherapy and the result was yoga decreased the symptoms of chemotherapy like vomiting and nausea  .
12. Helps in better breathing
Practising yoga every day could help you breathe better. A 2009 study found that, various breathing exercises like Pranayama can improve the symptoms of asthma  .
13. Can help treat migraine
According to a study published in the Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 72 patients with migraines who did a yoga therapy for 3 months led to a reduction in headache intensity, and pain  . According to the Journal of Pain, yoga stimulates the vagus nerve, which has been shown to be effective in relieving migraine headaches  .