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Today, man has advanced in terms of science and technology. We are also witnessing new discoveries in the medical field but there are still many diseases that are still not conquered by human beings.
Diseases are classified as pandemic when they are spreading at a rapid rate and claiming the lives of many people. These diseases have no known cure and hence cannot be pertained. Only knowledge and awareness of these diseases can prevent them from spreading.
One such disease that is known to be the most destructive disease is AIDS. That is why December 1st of each year is celebrated as the World AIDS day in order to create awareness among the people and help prevent the disease from claiming lives.
AIDS is the short for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and is caused by the HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus). This virus enters the blood cells through contact with an infected person. After the HIV enters your blood stream, it takes one-two weeks for the symptoms to appear. HIV slowly works by destroying the immune cells in our body. When the damage reaches beyond repair, you will contract AIDS.
AIDS is a disease in which your immune system is completely destroyed. This leads to the infected person contracting a number of diseases at once, which means certain death. There are a few people who live normally even after testing positive for AIDS, but that is just a few exceptional cases.
HIV and AIDS were discovered in 1985 and since then, these have claimed the lives of 36.7 million people. Although new tests are carried out every day, there is still no positive treatment for the disease. The only way a person can contract the disease is by coming in contact with an infected person. That means, simply spreading awareness about it can save millions of lives worldwide.
Therefore, there is a special day dedicated to its awareness.
There is a lot of stigma attached with this disease. Most people are confused with HIV and AIDS. HIV is just a virus which causes AIDS. People tested positive for HIV may not necessarily contract AIDS. This is a sexually transmitted disease which can be avoided by practising safe sex methods.
With World Aids Day just around, check out for some of these factors that increase your chances of contracting this deadly disease, take a look.
1) Unprotected Sex:
HIV is known to spread from one person to another by coming in contact with the body fluids of an infected person such as semen, vaginal fluid or blood. This can happen through oral, vaginal and anal sex too. Even a little bit of fluid from the contracted person is enough to let an individual contract the disease. It is better to avoid sex with an unknown person or practise safe sex.
2) Contaminated Blood:
The HIV is present in the blood of the infected person. Sharing needles which has previously been used on the infected person can put you at higher risk of contracting the disease. This may happen in the medical sector or at tattoo studios. Make sure that a fresh unopened pack of needle is being used in case of syringes or while getting a tattoo. Do not be convinced by sterilised equipment, as it may not be reliable.
3) Drug Abuse:
Drug abuse is another major cause of contracting AIDS. Usually, drug users share needles to inject drugs into their systems. If one of the needle users is HIV positive, it spreads to all the people who share that needle.
4) Contaminated Blood Transfusions:
Blood of an infected person contains HIV which can easily contaminate the other person by a blood transfusion. Even an organ or tissue from a HIV positive person can cause the spread of AIDS. To prevent this, make sure that the blood you are receiving is tested for HIV.
5) Multiple Sex Partners:
Having sex with an unknown person may increase your risk of contracting HIV and AIDS. People who engage in sex with multiple partners often contract a sexually transmitted disease. There are higher chances of you contracting the disease if you have previously been diagnosed with any other sexually transmitted disease. Thus, having multiple partners just increases your chances of coming in contact with an infected person.
6) Unsafe Piercing:
Needles used while piercing may be used on an HIV infected person before. This increases your chances of contracting the disease, unless you make sure that an unused needle is used for piercing.
7) Transmission From Infected Mother:
A mother who is HIV positive is very likely to pass on the infection to her unborn baby. The transmission of the virus can happen during and after the birth, through breast milk. Although proper treatment can avoid the transmission of infection to the baby.
8) Other STDs:
If you have contracted any STDs before, chances of contracting AIDS are also high. This means that safe sex is not practised. STDs cause lesions in the skin, which means it is easier for the HIV to enter into the blood stream. Also, STDs increase inflammation of the skin, which is another reason for the person to easily contract AIDS.