Among the several infections that are widely spread during the monsoon, Hepatitis A is one of the major one.
According to the World Health organization (WHO) hepatitis A is a viral liver disease that can cause mild to severe illness. The hepatitis A virus (HAV) is transmitted through ingestion of contaminated food and water or through direct contact with an infectious person.
Hepatitis A are at its peak during the monsoons. Fever, malaise, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dark-coloured urine and jaundice are few of the major symptoms of Hepatitis A.
The major risk factors for the infection includes poor sanitation, lack of safe water, living in a household with an infected person and travelling to endemic cities without being immunized.
Meanwhile, every countries should make a provision for Hepatitis A vaccination for all in their comprehensive plan. This will help in preventing and controlling the infection effectively.
So here are few quick preventive tips for Hepatits A:
- Maintaining personal hygiene practices like washing hands regularly with clean water is a must.
- Avoid eating outside foods especially the ones sold in the open.
- Do not forget to wash your hands with clean water before eating your food.
- Drinking plenty of clean and safe water should be practiced.
- Maintaining proper sanitation and proper disposal of sewage is a must to prevent Hepatitis A.