- Technology Flipkart Moto - Lenovo Days: Offers on Moto E6s, Motorola One Action, Lenovo K10 Note and More
- News Jharkhand Assembly Election 2019 LIVE: Voting for 4th phase today; 2 ministers' fate to be decided
- Sports Arsenal 0-3 Manchester City: Peerless De Bruyne inspires emphatic victory
- Movies Mohanlal-Prithviraj Duo's Empuraan: Here's An Interesting Update!
- Automobiles Volvo XC40 T4 R-Design Petrol Launched In India At Rs 39.90 Lakh, Ex-Showroom
- Finance RBI To Offer Liquidity Support Scheme For 24X7 Functionality Of Neft
- Travel How Christmas Is Celebrated In Different Parts Of India
- Education AIIMS BSc Nursing 2020 Registration Process Started
Children exposed to cancer treatment such as chemotherapy are likely to have decreased cognitive flexibility and a weaker short-term memory, researchers say.
The results show that cognitive functions which are slow developing or mature during adolescence -- in particular short-term memory -- are very vulnerable to the chemotherapy treatment.
However, cognitive functions such as long-term memory and the ability to concentrate remain largely unaffected as they develop before the treatment.
"Tests that require quick switching between tasks or remembering new information for a short amount of time were clearly more difficult for former cancer patients. The developmental stage of the brain at the start of the cancer treatment probably plays a decisive role," Rudi D'Hooge, Professor at the University of Leuven in Belgium.
For the study, the team examined 31 young adults who underwent chemotherapy as a child, on average around the age of six and a half.
The survivors' performance was compared on a number of psychological tests with the results of a control group.
Further, analysing phosphorylated Tau (p-Tau) -- a protein which is part of the internal structure of our nerve cells -- the researchers found that high concentrations of p-Tau predict cognitive problems at a later age.
"If we systematically measure these p-Tau levels in the future, we can offer specific help to children with high values. With early coaching aimed at the most relevant functions we can prevent problems that would otherwise manifest 10 to 15 years after the treatment," Iris Elens, a psychiatrist at the University of Leuven.
With Inputs From IANS