Psoriasis is an illness that affects both the skin and the joints. It is mostly called a skin disease since it causes swelling and flaking of the skin. Psoriasis causes thick, red patches or plaques with silvery-white scales. These may be frequently located on the lower back, knees, elbows, soles of legs and on the palms and are common in fingernails and toenails.
The main cause of the disease is not yet well known; however, it affects both females and males at the same rate. There are various types of psoriasis. Plaque psoriasis: Raised regions of the skin which are inflamed. Flexural psoriasis: Smooth inflamed plaques on the skin.
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Guttate psoriasis: Numerous red spots on a large region. Pustular psoriasis: Raised bumps on pustules that are non contagious. Nail psoriasis: Discoloured nails or thickening of the skin under the nails. Psoriatic arthritis: Connective tissue irritation which affects joints.
Treatment is provided based on the severity of the illness, size of psoriatic plaques and the response of the patients. Topical treatment of this illness is performed with various ointments and creams. Bath solutions, moisturizers and lotions also give much better results for the treatment of this illness.
Psoriasis has been linked to a number of diseases. One of these is diabetes. According to research, people who suffer from type 2 diabetes are more likely to suffer from psoriasis than people who do not have diabetes.
Also, people with a body mass index above 35 are also more likely to suffer from psoriasis than those who have a body mass index less than that. People with psoriasis have also been found to suffer from inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
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Research has shown that there is a clear link between psoriasis and osteoporosis. Skin inflammation and weak bones seem to go hand in hand. People with psoriasis were found to have increased levels of a protein called cytokine which hampers bone development.
A large number of people with psoriasis have been found to suffer from depression. They have been found to suffer from the shame and the stigma attached to psoriasis.