Bitter melon is also generally known as bitter gourd, bitter cucumber, karolla and karela. Bitter melon or karela is loaded with essential nutrients, minerals and vitamins which should be consumed to live a healthy life. It is rich in vitamins B1, B2, B3 and C, phosphorous and fiber.
Bitter melon is globally known because of its effectiveness in treating diabetes. It chemically comprises a compound that is quite definitely comparable to insulin and occasionally also referred to as p insulin.
In addition, it has steroidal saponins called charantin, peptides comparable to that of peptides and specific alkaloids that economically control the level of sugar in the blood. If taken on a regular basis, it keeps the sugar level in check.
Bitter melon is also a good digestive agent and helps in stirring the secretion of gastric juices. It is beneficial in stimulating the liver for secretion of bile juices which are very much essential for processing fats.
It helps in the peristaltic movements and absorption in the intestines and hence it is very helpful in preventing gastric disturbances.
Taking bitter melon juice also helps in the treatment of constipation, which is mostly caused due to a faulty eating routine and unhealthy dietary practices.
Bitter melon is used to solve menstruation problems in women. Taken on a regular basis, it helps in regularizing menstruation cycles.It is also used in the treatment of sores, eczema, leprosy and large wounds.
It is used to cure high blood pressure, malaria, fevers and headaches. It has also shown great results in expelling worms and parasites in adults and kids. It is also effective against numerous viruses, herpes and HIV.
However, bitter melon has many side effects. Hence it must be taken with caution. It should not be taken by pregnant women as certain chemicals in bitter melon can cause abortion.
Diabetes patients should monitor their blood sugar levels while consuming the juice of bitter melon as it can cause the blood sugar to drop very low and cause heart failures. Hence, it should not be consumed from two weeks from the date of surgery as it might interfere with blood sugar control.