- 10 hrs ago 8 Popular Facial Oil Myths Busted For You!
- 10 hrs ago Kate Middleton's White Kurta Set Is The Traditional Outfit That Your Closet Demands
- 11 hrs ago Porphyria (The Vampire Syndrome): Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Treatment And Prevention
- 11 hrs ago World Pediatric Bone And Joint Day 2019: Date And Theme
- Movies Just In: Amitabh Bachchan In Hospital For Past Three Days Due To Liver Problem
- News Bangladesh border guards say BSF 'started firing', BGB then 'fired in self-defense'
- Technology Xiaomi Sees 30-40% Growth In Offline Sales: Report
- Sports ISL 2019-20: ATK building a legacy with focus on youth
- Automobiles 2020 Mahindra TUV300 Plus Spied Testing Ahead Of Its Launch: Spy Pics & Details
- Travel How To Choose The Right Travel Insurance Policy
- Education HTET Preparation Tips To Crack Exam In One Month
- Finance Tata Motors Shares Spike 13% As UK Strikes New Brexit Deal
The name tamarillo may trick you into thinking that it is related to the sour-sweet tamarind. A close look-alike of tomatoes, tamarillos are a type of sweet fruit that is commonly termed as tree tomatoes  . The egg-shaped fruit is widely used in the preparation of compotes to chutneys. A storehouse of vitamins, antioxidants, minerals and phytochemicals, it is no surprise that the fruit is beneficial to your body in a myriad of ways.
Tamarillo is antioxidant, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antibacterial and hypoglycaemic in nature  . However, the properties of the sweet-tangy fruit are not limited to the aforementioned. In a way, it is surprising to see that a fruit so small in size could embody a profusion of health benefits.
The flesh of the fruit is consumed as it is, and has a variety of culinary uses. Although not toxic, the skin of tamarillo is not consumed due to the bitter taste it has. The high pectin  content in the fruit makes it purposive in the preparation of preserves. One of the major benefits pertaining to the fruit is its ability to promote weight loss  . So, read on to know more about the benefits offered by the fruit so that you can waste no time to add it to your daily diet, be it to lose weight or to rejuvenate your cells.
Nutritional Value Of Tamarillo
100 grams of tamarillos have 31 calories of energy. They also contain traces of total fat amounting to 0.36 grams, 0.271 milligrams niacin, 0.198 milligrams pyridoxine, 0.043 milligrams thiamine, 0.051 milligrams copper, 0.57 milligrams iron, 0.1 micrograms selenium and 0.15 milligrams zinc.
The remaining nutrients are 
- 3.8 grams carbohydrates
- 2 grams protein
- 3.3 grams dietary fibre
- 4 micrograms folates
- 189.17 micrograms vitamin A
- 29.8 milligrams vitamin C
- 2.09 milligrams vitamin E
- 1.44 milligrams sodium
- 321 milligrams potassium
- 10.7 milligrams calcium
- 20.6 milligrams magnesium
- 114 micrograms manganese
- 38.9 milligrams phosphorus
Health Benefits Of Tamarillo
By now you are marginally aware of the amazing advantages offered by the tomato look-alike for your body and mind. Continue reading to get a clearer and meticulous idea about tamarillo and the benefits of consuming it.
1. Aids in weight loss
As tamarillo has very low-calorie content along with high fibre, the fruit is extremely beneficial, if you are looking forward to losing weight  . Your body's need to consume sugary substances can be fulfilled by the fruit due to its sweet flavour. Likewise, the high water content in the fruit will keep you feeling full, thereby, reducing the need to snack constantly. Consume it in the form of juice or just eat it as it is and watch its acidic properties cut down fat cells in your body  .
2. Treats diabetes
Fibre is beneficial in regulating the sugar levels in your blood. Tamarillo maintains the bloodstream sugar levels, thereby helping your body from diabetes  . The low glycemic index of the fruit does not increase the sugar levels in your blood and is beneficial for type 2 diabetes. The antioxidants in the fruit help by reducing the oxidative stress in the liver and pancreas. Further, the chlorogenic acid  aids in promoting insulin sensitivity and limiting the onset of diabetes.
3. Improves heart health
The soluble fibre, starch, protein, anthocyanins and carotenoids in the fruit can help reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases . High sodium levels in your body are one of the prime causes leading towards heart diseases, which is balanced by the potassium  present in the fruit. Likewise, the magnesium in tamarillo regulates the proper functioning of the cardiovascular system. The fibre content in the fruit is effective in treating the bad cholesterol in your body because the nutrient restrains the absorption of the LDL cholesterol   .
4. Manages blood pressure
The mineral and potassium content in tamarillo help in reducing the high levels of blood pressure in your body. Also, the carotenoids  in the fruit aids in lowering the risk of coronary heart diseases, that are linked to high levels of blood pressure. Incorporating the fruit into your daily diet in a controlled manner can help you get rid of systolic blood pressure  .
5. Promotes longevity
Various studies have been conducted to assess the role played by vitamin C in aiding a longer life. It has been proven to increase life span, which can be pointed out in the study which focused on Werner syndrome  (a syndrome causing premature ageing). The application of vitamin C  limited the onset of the condition. As the fruit has a high content of vitamin C, it has been pointed out to have a possible impact in promoting longevity  .
6. Fights cancer
The antioxidant property possessed by the fruit helps in fighting the free radical cells that cause cancer  . The anthocyanins in tamarillo are highly potent antioxidants that will protect your body from damage caused by the oxidative stress. The impact antioxidants have in fighting cancerous cells have been proven by various scientific studies  . Therefore, it has been pointed out that the variety of antioxidants such as flavonoids, polyphenols, chlorogenic compounds etc., in the fruit may prevent the onset of cancer, especially of the breast and colon. The anti-inflammatory properties also contribute to this function  .
7. Improves metabolism
Foods that are enriched with vitamins and minerals are extremely beneficial for improving the functioning of your body. A well-functioning healthy body is the result of good metabolic activity in the body. The vitamin B6 present in the fruit aids in the production of energy  . It helps to convert the calories into useful energy, thereby limiting excessive weight gain as well. The vitamin also contributes towards improving the metabolism of haemoglobin present in your body, easing the transportation of blood. Tamarillo is effective in combating obesity  .
8. Treats tonsillitis
Although tamarillo has a plethora of uses, its impact on curing the inflammation caused in the lymph nodes have been studied extensively. Therefore, it is considered to be one of the prime benefits offered by the fruit. The anti-inflammatory property of the fruit helps in reducing the size of the swelling in the tonsils by killing the bacteria that causes the infection  .
9. Improves eyesight
Being a powerhouse of carotenoids and vitamin A, the fruit aids in bettering your vision  . Tamarillo is beneficial for your eye health because the nutrients help protect your eye from internal as well as external damages. Regular and controlled consumption of the fruit helps in delaying the development of age-related vision problems such as macular degeneration and cataracts  . The beta-carotene in tamarillo is also linked with improved eye health.
10. Boosts immune system
Vitamin C is known for the antioxidant properties it possesses, which is beneficial in treating various ailments . And tamarillo is a good source of the vitamin, assessing that its regular consumption will help your body treat and limit the external as well as internal damages. This helps in strengthening your body and thereby fighting off the elements  that can damage your body. However, over-consumption of the fruit will not provide you with a stronger immune system, therefore, it is essential to always consume the fruit in controlled portions  .
11. Prevents anaemia
The rich content of iron in tamarillo is increasingly beneficial for curing anaemia . The mineral contributes toward this function by regulating and promoting the production of red blood cells, which effectuates the production of blood in your body. As consuming tamarillo will contribute towards the necessary production of red blood cells, it helps your body overcome the anaemic condition. Tamarillo also helps in fighting off the associated signs such as fatigue, weakness and dizziness  .
12. Improves digestive system
The high fibre content in tamarillo is to be thanked for promoting better digestion. Regular consumption of the fruit helps in treating-digestion related issues  such as bloating, gas trouble and diarrhoea. Tamarillo also aids in the proper absorption of nutrients, and relieving constipation. It helps promote the growth of the good bacteria  in your gut, thereby promoting better digestion and bowel movement.
13. Elevates cognitive function
The presence of anticholinesterase  in tamarillo plays a major role in improving your brain functions. This helps in the regulation (breaking down) of acetylcholine, a chemical that acts as the messenger to the brain. Packed with plenty of phytochemicals, tamarillo is beneficial in protecting the brain cells, thereby promoting a healthy nerve function. This property of the fruit can be used in the treatment of cognitive or neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease  . The antioxidant property of the fruit is also beneficial in boosting brain health.
14. Improves skin quality
As aforementioned, the fruit tamarillo is tightly packed with vitamin A, C and E which are all equally beneficial in improving the quality of your skin  . Likewise, the anthocyanin, phenols and flavonoids present in the fruit act as a protective shield against external pollutants. It also protects your skin from oxidative stress that can cause wrinkles, blemishes, acne and pimples. Being an antioxidant, there is no doubt that the fruit is beneficial against early signs of ageing. It also helps in detoxifying your skin, as well as rejuvenate the cells in your body. Consuming the tomato look-alike will amazingly benefit your skin and help maintain its glow and shine  .
15. Improves hair health
Tamarillo, as a whole, has a pivotal role in the arena of cosmetic health. That is, it is extremely beneficial not only for improving the health of your skin but also hair and nails. The polyunsaturated linoleic acid in the fruit is effective in treating dandruff, hair loss, eczema and psoriasis. The essential fatty acids strengthen your hair from its root by rejuvenating your scalp and strengthens your nails, so as to avoid the growth of brittle nails  .
Healthy Tamarillo Recipes
1. Tamarillo - apple juice
- 1½ cups tamarillos, peeled and chopped
- 1 cup apple juice
- ½ lemon, freshly juiced
- 5 ice cubes
- In a blender, add the tamarillos, lemon juice and apple juice.
- Add the ice cubes.
- Blend until it becomes smooth.
2. Spring tamarillo salad recipe
- 9 tamarillos, peeled and chopped
- 2 red onions, diced
- 7 celery sticks, sliced
- ½ a red cabbage, sliced
- 3 spring onions, sliced
- a handful of Italian parsley
- ¼ tbsp flavourless oil
- 3 - 4 tbsp honey
- salt and pepper for taste
- Add the salad ingredients together in a bowl and toss gently.
- Whisk the dressing ingredients.
- Add the dressing to the salad bowl and gently toss.
- Garnish with the parsley.
3. Bread roll with tamarillo and brie
- 1 tamarillo
- 1 wholemeal bread roll
- 4 slices brie
- 1 tbsp honey
- 15 g pine nuts
- a little bit of rocket lettuce
- Remove the peel of the tamarillo and cut it into pieces.
- Roast the pine nuts till it becomes golden brown.
- Cut the bread roll lengthwise.
- First, place the rocket lettuce on it, then put the sliced tamarillo and a slice of brie.
- You can make 2-3 layers of this.
- Pour the honey on the top and sprinkle with pine nuts.
- Individuals allergic to tomatoes should not consume the fruit as it can cause respiratory problems and allergic reactions.
- Avoid the fruit during pregnancy because it may react with certain medications consumed during and after the period.
- Excessive and uncontrolled consumption of tamarillo can be harmful to the kidney due to the high levels of potassium found in the fruit.
-  Prohens, J., & Nuez, F. (2001). The Tamarillo (Cyphomandra betacea) A Review of a Promising Small Fruit Crop. Small Fruits Review, 1(2), 43-68.
-  Liefting, L. W., Ward, L. I., Shiller, J. B., & Clover, G. R. G. (2008). A new ‘Candidatus Liberibacter’species in Solanum betaceum (tamarillo) and Physalis peruviana (cape gooseberry) in New Zealand. Plant Disease, 92(11), 1588-1588.
-  Guimarães, M. L., Tomé, M. C., & Cruz, G. S. (1996). Cyphomandra betacea (Cav.) Sendtn.(Tamarillo). In Trees IV(pp. 120-137). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
-  Ramírez, F., & Kallarackal, J. (2019). Tree tomato (Solanum betaceum Cav.) reproductive physiology: A review. Scientia Horticulturae, 248, 206-215.
-  Lister, C. E., Morrison, S. C., Kerkhofs, N. S., & Wright, K. M. (2005). The nutritional composition and health benefits of New Zealand tamarillos. Crop & Food Research Confidential Report, (1281), 29.
-  Skinner, S. J., Hunter, D., Cho, S., & Skinner, M. (2013). The potential health benefits of the subtropical fruits kiwifruit, feijoa and tamarillo. Bioactives in Fruit: Health Benefits and Functional Foods, 169-195.
-  Kadir, A., Aizan, N. A., Rahmat, A., & Jaafar, H. Z. (2015). Protective effects of tamarillo (Cyphomandra betacea) extract against high fat diet induced obesity in Sprague-Dawley rats. Journal of obesity, 2015.
-  Al Mubarak, A. (2018). The production and characterization of spray dried tamarillo powders (Doctoral dissertation, Auckland University of Technology).
-  Maria, A. G., Graziano, R., & Nicolantonio, D. O. (2015). Carotenoids: potential allies of cardiovascular health?. Food & nutrition research, 59(1), 26762.
-  Barron, D. M., Alvarez, C. C., Kulkarni, S., & Ratajczak, J. (2018). U.S. Patent Application No. 15/554,855.
-  Khoo, H. E., Azlan, A., Tang, S. T., & Lim, S. M. (2017). Anthocyanidins and anthocyanins: Colored pigments as food, pharmaceutical ingredients, and the potential health benefits. Food & nutrition research, 61(1), 1361779.
-  Lokho, A. (2012). The folk medicinal plants of the Mao Naga in Manipur, North East India. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 2(6), 1-8.
-  Siracusa, A., Folletti, I., Gerth van Wijk, R., Jeebhay, M. F., Moscato, G., Quirce, S., ... & Tarlo, S. M. (2015). Occupational anaphylaxis–an EAACI task force consensus statement. Allergy, 70(2), 141-152.
-  Dallaire, A., Proulx, S., Simard, M. J., & Lebel, M. (2014). Expression profile of Caenorhabditis elegans mutant for the Werner syndrome gene ortholog reveals the impact of vitamin C on development to increase life span. BMC Genomics, 15(1), 940.
-  Aumailley, L., Warren, A., Garand, C., Dubois, M. J., Paquet, E. R., Le Couteur, D. G., ... & Lebel, M. (2016). Vitamin C modulates the metabolic and cytokine profiles, alleviates hepatic endoplasmic reticulum stress, and increases the life span of Gulo−/− mice. Aging (Albany NY), 8(3), 458.
-  Pallauf, K., Bendall, J. K., Scheiermann, C., Watschinger, K., Hoffmann, J., Roeder, T., & Rimbach, G. (2013). Vitamin C and lifespan in model organisms. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 58, 255-263.
-  Hurtado, N. H., Morales, A. L., González-Miret, M. L., Escudero-Gilete, M. L., & Heredia, F. J. (2009). Colour, pH stability and antioxidant activity of anthocyanin rutinosides isolated from tamarillo fruit (Solanum betaceum Cav.). Food Chemistry, 117(1), 88-93.
-  Wrolstad, R. E., & Heatherbell, D. A. (1974). Identification of anthocyanins and distribution of flavonoids in tamarillo fruit (Cyphomandra betaceae (Cav.) Sendt.). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 25(10), 1221-1228.
-  Villegas-Ruiz, X., Harris, G. K., Barcenas-Pozos, M. E., & Jordan, C. (2012). Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of tamarillo fruit (Cyphomandra betacea Sendt.) extracts on LPS-activated RAW 264.7 macrophages.
-  Correia, S., Vinhas, R., Manadas, B., Lourenço, A. S., Veríssimo, P., & Canhoto, J. M. (2012). Comparative Proteomic Analysis of Auxin-Induced Embryogenic and Nonembryogenic Tissues of the Solanaceous Tree C yphomandra betacea (Tamarillo). Journal Of Proteome Research, 11(3), 1666-1675.
-  Correia, S., Cunha, A. E., Salgueiro, L., & Canhoto, J. M. (2012). Somatic embryogenesis in tamarillo (Cyphomandra betacea): approaches to increase efficiency of embryo formation and plant development. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC), 109(1), 143-152.
-  do Nascimento, G. E., Corso, C. R., de Paula Werner, M. F., Baggio, C. H., Iacomini, M., & Cordeiro, L. M. (2015). Structure of an arabinogalactan from the edible tropical fruit tamarillo (Solanum betaceum) and its antinociceptive activity. Carbohydrate polymers, 116, 300-306.
-  Adebisi, B., Jaschke, L. E., Katcher, H. I., & Blankenship, J. (2013). Vitamin A deficiency: what eye health workers can do. Community Eye Health, 26(84), 72.
-  Olson, J. H., Erie, J. C., & Bakri, S. J. (2011, May). Nutritional supplementation and age-related macular degeneration. In Seminars in ophthalmology (Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 131-136). Taylor & Francis.
-  Dawes, S. N., & Callaghan, M. E. (1970). Composition of New Zealand fruit. I. Tamarillo (Cyphomandra betacea (Cav.) Sendt. New Zealand Journal Of Science, 13, 447-51.
-  Prohens, J., & Nuez, F. (2001). The Tamarillo (Cyphomandra betacea) A Review of a Promising Small Fruit Crop. Small Fruits Review, 1(2), 43-68.
-  Gannasin, S. P. (2015). Extraction And Physico-Chemical And Functional Characterisation Of Hydrocolloids From Tamarillo (Solanum betaceum Cav.) FRUIT.
-  Gannasin, S. P., Adzahan, N. M., Hamzah, M. Y., Mustafa, S., & Muhammad, K. (2015). Physicochemical properties of tamarillo (Solanum betaceum Cav.) hydrocolloid fractions. Food chemistry, 182, 292-301.
-  Shepherd, S. (2014). Diet, nutrition and mental health in IBD. Psychological Aspects of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Biopsychosocial Approach, 118.
-  Wang, X., & Gibson, G. R. (1993). Effects of the in vitro fermentation of oligofructose and inulin by bacteria growing in the human large intestine. Journal of Applied Bacteriology, 75(4), 373-380.
-  Gannasin, S. P., Adzahan, N. M., Mustafa, S., & Muhammad, K. (2016). Techno-functional properties and in vitro bile acid-binding capacities of tamarillo (Solanum betaceum Cav.) hydrocolloids. Food chemistry, 196, 903-909.
-  Hassan, A., Hawa, S., Bakar, A., & Fadzelly, M. (2013). Antioxidative and anticholinesterase activity of Cyphomandra betacea fruit. The Scientific World Journal, 2013.
-  Noor Atiqah, A. A. K., Maisarah, A. M., & Asmah, R. (2014). Comparison of antioxidant properties of tamarillo (Cyphomandra betacea), cherry tomato (Solanumly copersicum var. cerasiform) and tomato (Lyopersicon esulentum). International Food Research Journal, 21(6).
-  Vasco, C., Avila, J., Ruales, J., Svanberg, U., & Kamal-Eldin, A. (2009). Physical and chemical characteristics of golden-yellow and purple-red varieties of tamarillo fruit (Solanum betaceum Cav.). International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 60(sup7), 278-288.
-  de Rosso, V. V., & Mercadante, A. Z. (2007). HPLC–PDA–MS/MS of anthocyanins and carotenoids from dovyalis and tamarillo fruits. Journal of Agricultural And Food Chemistry, 55(22), 9135-9141.
-  Ramakrishnan, Y., Khoddami, A., Gannasin, S. P., & Muhammad, K. (2013). Tamarillo (Cyphomandra betacea) seed oils as a potential source of essential fatty acid for food, cosmetic and pharmacuetical industries. Acta Horticulturae, 1012, 1415-1421.
-  Eat Me. (2016). Tamarillo products [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://www.eatme.eu/products/tamarillo