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Since childhood, our parents have been telling us that carrots are good for our eyes, and they surely are. Carrots are one of the healthiest vegetables; they are a good source of plant compounds like beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, lycopene, lutein, anthocyanins, and polyacetylenes  .
Carrots are of different colours like red, yellow, purple, orange, and white. The orange-coloured carrots are sweet, crunchy and aromatic. Their bright orange colour comes from beta-carotene, an antioxidant that your body converts into vitamin A.
Types Of Carrots
1. Chantenay carrots
2. Imperator carrots
3. Nantes carrots
4. Danvers carrots
5. Baby carrots
6. Planet carrots
Nutritional Value Of Carrots
100 g of carrots contain 88.29 g water, 41 kcal energy and they also contain:
- 0.93 g protein
- 0.24 g fat
- 9.58 g carbohydrate
- 2.8 g fibre
- 4.74 g sugar
- 33 mg calcium
- 0.30 mg iron
- 12 mg magnesium
- 35 mg phosphorus
- 320 mg potassium
- 69 mg sodium
- 0.24 mg zinc
- 5.9 mg vitamin C
- 0.066 mg thiamin
- 0.058 mg riboflavin
- 0.983 mg niacin
- 0.138 mg vitamin B6
- 19 mcg folate
- 16706 IU vitamin A
- 0.66 mg vitamin E
- 13.2 mcg vitamin K
Health Benefits Of Carrots
1. Help in weight loss
Carrots are low in calories and fibre which when eaten as a part of your diet increases the feeling of fullness and decreases calorie intake in subsequent meals  . So, if you are planning to lose weight, add carrots into your meal.
2. Boost heart health
Carrots lower bad cholesterol and increase good cholesterol, which reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. These veggies are a good source of fibre and antioxidants like carotenoids, vitamin C and polyphenol which contribute to heart health  .
3. Lower cancer risk
Carrots have the ability to lower the risk of various types of cancers like the lung, prostate, colon, and stomach cancers  . According to a study, the presence of carotenoids in carrots is known to protect against lung cancer and breast cancer  ,  . Another study showed the link between carrot consumption and lower colon cancer risk  .
4. Reduce blood pressure
Carrots are an excellent source of potassium, which aids in relaxing the tension in the blood vessels and arteries, and increases blood circulation and lowers high blood pressure  . High blood pressure causes heart attack and stroke.
5. Can control diabetes
Carrots are packed full of phytochemicals and antioxidants which help in regulating blood sugar. According to Harvard Health, the glycemic index (GI) of carrots is 39, which is very low and causes a lower rise in blood glucose levels.
6. Maintain eyesight
7. Strengthen the immune system
Carrots are a good source of vitamin C, a water-soluble antioxidant that helps in strengthening the immune system, thus preventing chronic diseases and reducing the severity of cold and flu.  .
8. Enhance skin and hair health
The high amount of vitamin A found in carrots contribute to skin health by encouraging healthy cell production that helps keep the skin firm and healthy. Vitamin A is also needed for hair growth and prevents hair breakage.
Potential Health Risks Of Carrots
Carrots are safe to consume, however, a study has shown that carrots can cause pollen-related allergic reactions, which can cause your mouth to itch and swell.  .
-  Sharma, K. D., Karki, S., Thakur, N. S., & Attri, S. (2012). Chemical composition, functional properties and processing of carrot-a review.Journal of food science and technology,49(1), 22–32.
-  Moorhead, S. A., Welch, R. W., Barbara, M., Livingstone, E., McCourt, M., Burns, A. A., & Dunne, A. (2006). The effects of the fibre content and physical structure of carrots on satiety and subsequent intakes when eaten as part of a mixed meal.British Journal of Nutrition,96(3), 587-595.
-  Nicolle, C., Cardinault, N., Aprikian, O., Busserolles, J., Grolier, P., Rock, E., ... & Rémésy, C. (2003). Effect of carrot intake on cholesterol metabolism and on antioxidant status in cholesterol-fed rat.European journal of nutrition,42(5), 254-261.
-  Wu, K., Erdman, J. W., Schwartz, S. J., Platz, E. A., Leitzmann, M., Clinton, S. K., ... & Giovannucci, E. (2004). Plasma and dietary carotenoids, and the risk of prostate cancer: a nested case-control study.Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Biomarkers,13(2), 260-269.
-  Gallicchio, L., Boyd, K., Matanoski, G., Tao, X., Chen, L., Lam, T. K., ... & Herman, J. G. (2008). Carotenoids and the risk of developing lung cancer: a systematic review.The American journal of clinical nutrition,88(2), 372-383.
-  Eliassen, A. H., Hendrickson, S. J., Brinton, L. A., Buring, J. E., Campos, H., Dai, Q., … Hankinson, S. E. (2012). Circulating carotenoids and risk of breast cancer: pooled analysis of eight prospective studies.Journal of the National Cancer Institute,104(24), 1905–1916.
-  Okuyama, Y., Ozasa, K., Oki, K., Nishino, H., Fujimoto, S., & Watanabe, Y. (2014). Inverse associations between serum concentrations of zeaxanthin and other carotenoids and colorectal neoplasm in Japanese.International journal of clinical oncology,19(1), 87-97.
-  Krishna, G. G. (1990). Effect of potassium intake on blood pressure.Journal of the American Society of Nephrology,1(1), 43-52.
-  Lindeboom, G. A. (1984). Historical milestones in the treatment of night blindness.Clio medica (Amsterdam, Netherlands),19(1-2), 40-49.
-  Moeller, S. M., Parekh, N., Tinker, L., Ritenbaugh, C., Blodi, B., Wallace, R. B., & Mares, J. A. (2006). Associations between intermediate age-related macular degeneration and lutein and zeaxanthin in the Carotenoids in Age-related Eye Disease Study (CAREDS): ancillary study of the Women's Health Initiative.Archives of ophthalmology,124(8), 1151-1162.
-  Carr, A., & Maggini, S. (2017). Vitamin C and immune function.Nutrients,9(11), 1211.
-  Ballmer-Weber, B. K., Wüthrich, B., Wangorsch, A., Fötisch, K., Altmann, F., & Vieths, S. (2001). Carrot allergy: double-blinded, placebo-controlled food challenge and identification of allergens.Journal of allergy and clinical immunology,108(2), 301-307.
-  https://mavcure.com/carotenemia/
-  https://www.walmart.ca/en/ip/carrots/6000196795077
-  https://www.bbcgoodfood.com/recipes/ginger-orange-glazed-baby-carrots
-  https://charliesfruitonline.com.au/product/carrots-400g-punnet-purple-carrots/
-  https://www.foodfidelity.com/simple-smoked-carrots/