Food is a human's basic requirement in order to survive. It provides nourishment to our body. It also provides energy to carry out our day to day activities. Our body needs three proper and balanced meals a day to be healthy physically and mentally.
A lot of people neglect their meals frequently. This may be due to their hectic lifestyle or dieting. People also follow fad diets blindly in order to slim down and get into shape.
Skipping meals is not healthy. If you are the one who is always busy and does not find time to have a proper breakfast or lunch through the day, your body will starve of certain nutrients it requires to remain healthy.
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You may notice that you frequently catch infections or fall sick often. This is due to your body's weakened immunity.
Dieticians time and again have stressed on the fact that starving is not an effective form of dieting. Instead of losing weight, you have a higher chance of gaining weight as you will tend to over eat after a period of starvation.
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It is imperative to provide your body with its daily requirement of carbs and other micronutrients. What do you think your car will do if it is out of fuel? It will break down, right? Your body functions in a similar way.
So on this National Nutrition Week, we have listed a few things that happen to your body if you are not eating enough food:
1) Blood Sugar Fluctuations
The moment you eat, our body starts converting the carbs into glucose to provide us with energy. Our body needs a constant supply of glucose in order to function correctly. When we starve, our body is deprived of the glucose, which results in our blood sugar levels decreasing too much.
This causes headaches and sluggishness. It also makes concentrating on a task much difficult. Fluctuating blood sugar levels may lead to heart diseases in the long run.
2) Affects Our Digestive System
All the food that we eat ends up in our stomach. When we starve ourselves, the gastro intestinal tract shrinks and this makes it difficult to accommodate normal diet. The production of acids in the stomach also dips.
If starvation is frequent and prolonged, the enzyme activity in the stomach may cease completely after which you may require treatment to get it back to normal.
Starvation often means that your body is deprived of the nutrients including fibre. Depriving your body of fibre will eventually lead to constipation. Your stools become hard and infrequent as the amount of intake of food reduces.
4) Insomnia Due To Starvation
When you are starving, your body is busy burning fat instead of glucose to provide energy. As the insulin level dips, your body goes on an over drive and increases the production of an enzyme called orexin, which gives you temporary energy.
Also, during starvation, your brain signals your body to secrete excess adrenaline. This makes it difficult for you to fall asleep.
5) Excess Hair Loss
Our hair is basically made of protein. But it needs calcium, iron and mono unsaturated fatty acids to remain healthy. Depriving the body of these will make the scalp dry and hair follicles to loosen up. This leads to massive hair loss.
6) Anger And Irritation
Have you ever wondered why you are so irritated or angry on some mornings than the others? The reason may probably be with you skipping breakfast.
There is a very simple science behind it. When you are hungry, the serotonin levels in your body decrease, leading you to feel angry or upset easily.
7) Prevents Conception
Studies have shown that people who starve themselves and under-eat, often find it difficult to conceive. The main reason of it being irregularity in periods. When your body is not receiving adequate food, it may run low on iron.
This in turn causes delay in the monthly cycle. Irregular monthly cycle makes it difficult to conceive. So, ditch that diet if you want to conceive.
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