TRENDING ON ONEINDIA
- Pulwama Attack Updates — PM Modi Chairs High-Level Meeting
- Gully Boy — Movie Review
- 6 Steps To Earn More Money From Fixed Deposits
- Joint 2030 World Cup Bid — Everything You Need To Know
- ACT Fibernet Plans To Partner With ZEE 5; Launches New Brand Identity
- Is The Mahindra XUV300 India’s Best Compact-SUV?
- It's Never Too Late To Exlpore The Elusive Haven Of Lawngtlai
- These Identical Twins Share The Same Boyfriend!
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder in which the nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed causing seizures  ,  . It is estimated that more than 65 million people in the world have epilepsy. People with epilepsy have various treatment options including alternative home remedies.
What Causes Epilepsy?
The causes of epilepsy vary from person to person and can happen at any age according to the Epilepsy Foundation.
Causes in newborns
- Lack of oxygen during birth
- Brain malformations
- Low blood sugar, blood calcium, blood magnesium and low electrolytes
- Maternal drug use and intracranial haemorrhage
Causes in infants and children
- Brain tumour and fever
Causes in young children and adults
- Genetic factors
- Congenital conditions
- Head trauma
- Progressive brain disease
Causes in older adults
- Alzheimer's disease
Symptoms Of Epilepsy
- Blurred eyes
- Changes in sensation
- Dizziness and nausea
- Anxious feelings
- Numbness, loss of awareness, confusion and unconsciousness
- Lack of movement
- Bladder or bowel incontinence
- Increased sweating
- Difficulty in breathing
When a person experiences at least two unprovoked seizures occurring more than 1 day, then he or she is known to have epilepsy. There is no cure for epilepsy, but it can be managed through natural ways.
Natural Remedies For Epilepsy
1. Herbal treatments
Bacopa (Bacopa monnieri) is a herb used in Ayurvedic medicine to help manage epilepsy symptoms. The ethanolic extract of bacopa leaves has significant anticonvulsant activity that reduces epileptic seizures  ,  .
Other commonly used herbs which are used in managing the symptoms of epilepsy are burning bush, groundsel, hydrocotyle, mistletoe, mugwort, lily of the valley, tree of heaven, peony, scullcap, and valerian. All these herbs have anticonvulsant effects and are used in traditional Indian Ayurvedic, Chinese, and Japanese medicine  .
Research has shown that magnesium deficiency in the body triggers seizures  and magnesium taken in the form of supplements and foods can help control seizures  ,  . Eat foods rich in magnesium such as dark chocolates, almonds, spinach, cashew nuts, etc.
Rue is a herb which has powerful medicinal properties. It contains an active compound rutin, an antioxidant that prevents free radical damage. A study showed the effects of ethanol extract of rue on the central nervous system and reduced seizures  . The herb has anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, antifertility and antihistamine properties.
4. Vitamin B6
Vitamin B6, also known as pyridoxine, is used to manage a rare form of epilepsy known as pyridoxine-dependent seizures. This type of epilepsy occurs in the womb or after birth  . It is mainly caused due to the body's inability to metabolize vitamin B6 in a proper manner  . Consume vitamin B6 foods such as chicken, turkey, fish, bread, vegetables, eggs, oatmeal, etc.
5. Vitamin E
Vitamin E deficiency is also common in people with epilepsy. A study conducted in 2016 found that increasing the intake of vitamin E can help decrease seizures in people with epilepsy  . Eat more of vitamin E rich foods such as almonds, sunflower seeds, green leafy vegetables, pumpkin seeds, hazelnuts, pistachios, etc.
6. Ash gourd
Ash gourd (Benincasa hispida) is a commonly eaten vegetable in India. This vegetable has anticonvulsant activity and can reduce the severity of epileptic fits or other convulsions  . Ash gourd contains essential nutrients like vitamin B6, vitamin C, iron, manganese, magnesium, etc. Drink the juice of ash gourd daily to control and prevent seizures.
7. Vitamin D
Vitamin D plays a role in central nervous system disorders and most epilepsy patients have a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D deficiency increases the chances of continuous seizures. A study showed the effectiveness of anticonvulsant activity of vitamin D supplementation in reducing seizures by 40 per cent  . Consume vitamin D rich foods like eggs, fatty fishes, cheese, nuts and seeds.
8. Folic acid
Folic acid is beneficial for proper nerve functioning and prevents neural tube defects in babies  . Folic acid plays a role in proper functioning and development of the brain and nerve cells. Folic acid intake reduces the risk of seizures in epileptic patients  ,  . Consume foods rich in folic acid like green leafy vegetables, beans, rice, cereal, bread, citrus fruits, broccoli, etc.
Basil has powerful medicinal properties. It is used in reducing seizures in epileptic patients. According to a study, the hydroalcoholic extract of basil has the ability to prevent the attacks of epilepsy  . Another study also showed the effectiveness of anticonvulsant activity of holy basil  . Add basil in soups and salads.
10. Epsom salt
Epsom salt, commonly known as magnesium sulfate, can help prevent seizures caused by eclampsia and preeclampsia  ,  . The anticonvulsant activity of magnesium sulfate can reduce the severity of seizure or fits in epileptic patients. Take one tablespoon of Epsom salt mixed with a glass of water for managing epilepsy.
11. Coconut oil
Coconut oil can treat various disorders including epilepsy. The fatty acids in coconut oil can raise the level of ketones in the blood which are said to benefit epileptic patients and reduce the rate of seizures in epileptic children  ,  . Use pure coconut oil for cooking or as a salad dressing.
12. Omega 3 polyunsaturated fats
Omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids have been found to be effective in the treatment of epilepsy. These fatty acids found in fish oil have been shown to reduce the severity of seizure attacks in epileptic children  . Omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids have been linked to reducing brain cell excitability among epileptic patients as well  . Consume fishes like salmon, trout, mackerel, tuna, herring and sardines.
Licorice root is also known as sweet root because of its usage as a sweetener in candies and beverages. It provides medicinal benefits like: soothing the stomach, reducing stress, preventing cancer, etc. Also the antioxidant flavonoids in it have neuroprotective effects thereby preventing seizure attacks  . Grind some licorice powder and add it to a tablespoon of honey and have this mixture daily.
An increase in stress can lead to the severity of seizure attacks. And yoga is considered a beneficial natural remedy for reducing stress and relaxing the nerve cells, thus improving your nerve and brain health  . Practising yoga every day in the morning or evening can prevent seizure attacks  .
15. Anise essential oil
Anise essential oil has antibacterial, antioxidant, expectorant, and antifungal properties. A study has shown the anticonvulsant and neuroprotective effects of anise oil in reducing the severity of seizure attacks .
-  Hauser, W. A., & Hesdorffer, D. C. (1990). Epilepsy: frequency, causes, and consequences (pp. 273-96). Landover, MD: Epilepsy Foundation of America.
-  Annegers, J. F., Rocca, W. A., & Hauser, W. A. (1996).Causes of Epilepsy: Contributions of the Rochester Epidemiology Project. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 71(6), 570-575.
-  Mathew, J., Balakrishnan, S., Antony, S., Abraham, P. M., & Paulose, C. S. (2012). Decreased GABA receptor in the cerebral cortex of epileptic rats: effect of Bacopa monnieri and Bacoside-A.Journal of Biomedical Science,19(1), 25.
-  Kaushik, D., Tripathi, A., Tripathi, R., Ganachari, M., & Khan, S. A. (2009).Anticonvulsant activity of Bacopa monniera in rodents. Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 45(4), 643-649.
-  Tyagi, A., & Delanty, N. (2003).Herbal Remedies, Dietary Supplements, and Seizures. Epilepsia, 44(2), 228-235.
-  Leaver, D. D., Parkinson, G. B., & Schneider, K. M. (1987).NEUROLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCY: CORRELATIONS WITH EPILEPSY. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology, 14(5), 361-370.
-  Gupta, S. K., Manhas, A. S., Gupta, V. K., & Bhatt, R. (1994). Serum magnesium levels in idiopathic epilepsy.The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India,42(6), 456-457.
-  Yuen, A. W. C., & Sander, J. W. (2012).Can magnesium supplementation reduce seizures in people with epilepsy? A hypothesis. Epilepsy Research, 100(1-2), 152-156.
-  Gonzalez-Trujano, M. E., Carrera, D., Ventura-Martinez, R., Cedillo-Portugal, E., & Navarrete, A. (2006).Neuropharmacological profile of an ethanol extract of Ruta chalepensis L. in mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 106(1), 129-135.
-  COKER, S. B. (1992). Postneonatal vitamin B6-dependent epilepsy.Pediatrics,90(2), 221-223.
-  Reid, E. S., Williams, H., Stabej, P. L. Q., James, C., Ocaka, L., Bacchelli, C., ... & Clayton, P. T. (2015). Seizures due to a KCNQ2 mutation: treatment with vitamin B 6. InJIMD Reports, Volume 27(pp. 79-84). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
-  Mehvari, J., Motlagh, F. G., Najafi, M., Ghazvini, M. R., Naeini, A. A., & Zare, M. (2016). Effects of Vitamin E on seizure frequency, electroencephalogram findings, and oxidative stress status of refractory epileptic patients.Advanced biomedical research,5, 36.
-  Kumar, A., & Ramu, P. (2004). Anti-convulsant activity of Benincasa hispida fruit, methanol extract.Journal of Natural Remedies,4(2), 195-198.
-  Holló, A., Clemens, Z., Kamondi, A., Lakatos, P., & Szűcs, A. (2012).Correction of vitamin D deficiency improves seizure control in epilepsy: A pilot study. Epilepsy & Behavior, 24(1), 131-133.
-  Kampman, M. T. (2007).Folate status in women of childbearing age with epilepsy. Epilepsy Research, 75(1), 52-56.
-  Morrell M. J. (2002). Folic Acid and Epilepsy.Epilepsy currents,2(2), 31-34.
-  Mattson, R. H. (1973).Folate Therapy in Epilepsy. Archives of Neurology, 29(2), 78.
-  Modaresi, M., Pouriyanzadeh, A., & Asadi-Samani, M. (2014). Antiepileptic activity of hydroalcoholic extract of basil in mice.Journal of HerbMed Pharmacology,3.
-  Jaggi, R. K., Madaan, R., & Singh, B. (2003). Anticonvulsant potential of holy basil, Ocimum sanctum Linn., and it s cultures.
-  Anthony, J., Johanson, R. B., & Duley, L. (1996). Role of magnesium sulfate in seizure prevention in patients with eclampsia and pre-eclampsia.Drug safety,15(3), 188-199.
-  Euser, A. G., & Cipolla, M. J. (2009). Magnesium sulfate for the treatment of eclampsia: a brief review.Stroke,40(4), 1169-1175.
-  Chomtho, K., Suteerojntrakool, O., & Chomtho, S. (2016). Effectiveness of Medium Chain Triglyceride Ketogenic Diet in Thai Children with Intractable Epilepsy.Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand= Chotmaihet thangphaet,99(2), 159-165.
-  Liu, Y. M., & Wang, H. S. (2013). Medium-chain triglyceride ketogenic diet, an effective treatment for drug-resistant epilepsy and a comparison with other ketogenic diets.Biomed J,36(1), 9-15.
-  Reda, D. M., Abd-El-Fatah, N. K., Omar, T., & Darwish, O. A. (2015). Fish Oil Intake and Seizure Control in Children with Medically Resistant Epilepsy.North American Journal of Medical Sciences,7(7), 317-321.
-  Pourmasoumi, M., Vosoughi, N., Derakhshandeh-Rishehri, S. M., Assarroudi, M., & Heidari-Beni, M. (2018). Association of Omega-3 Fatty Acid and Epileptic Seizure in Epileptic Patients: A Systematic Review.International Journal of Preventive Medicine,9, 36.
-  Zeng, L. H., Zhang, H. D., Xu, C. J., Bian, Y. J., Xu, X. J., Xie, Q. M., & Zhang, R. H. (2013). Neuroprotective effects of flavonoids extracted from licorice on kainate-induced seizure in mice through their antioxidant properties.Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B,14(11), 1004-1012.
-  Ramaratnam, S., & Sridharan, K. (2002). Yoga for epilepsy.Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (1).
-  Yardi, N. (2001).Yoga for control of epilepsy. Seizure, 10(1), 7–12.
-  Karimzadeh, F., Hosseini, M., Mangeng, D., Alavi, H., Hassanzadeh, G. R., Bayat, M., Jafarian, M., Kazemi, H., … Gorji, A. (2012). Anticonvulsant and neuroprotective effects of Pimpinella anisum in rat brain.BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine,12, 76.