High-intensity exercises is one of the best way to lose weight. But apart from losing weight, it is also helpful for diabetics.
A new research has revealed that engaging in high-intensity interval training (HIIT) for only two weeks can help reduce glucose metabolism in all areas of the brain among people suffering from Type 2 diabetes or prediabetes.
According to the findings of the study it was found that HIIT training and also moderate forms of exercise can lead to a change in the brain's metabolism as well as improve the whole body's insulin sensitivity.
To improve their insulin sensitivity, everyone can choose the form of exercise they are most comfortable with, which also motivates to exercise regularly, said Jarna Hannukainen from the University of Turku in Finland.
Energy is required for the normal functioning of the organs in the body. Many tissues can also use fat or protein as an energy source but others, such as the brain and red blood cells, can only use glucose.
Brain insulin-stimulated glucose uptake (GU) is increased in obese and insulin resistant patients, but normalises after weight loss along with improved whole-body insulin sensitivity.
In the study, the researchers wanted to see if a similar effect could be achieved by exercise, without a significant weight loss.
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For the study, researchers involved participants who were middle-aged, non-exercising men and women, who had prediabetes or Type 2 diabetes for two-weeks of training.
The training provided during the study consisted of 30-second training sessions with 4-minute recoveries in between, whereas traditional exercise consisted of uninterrupted, moderate intensity cycling.
The results, detailed in the Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, showed that during HIIT training, e.g. ketones and lactates high-energy metabolites were being formed which the brain could use as a source of energy.
Glucose being supplemented with ketones could be one of the explanations for the decreased glucose uptake caused by exercise. Both high-intensity and moderate training led to an improvement in insulin sensitivity, the researchers said.
Meanwhile, also learn about a few of the ways to prevent diabetes here. Check them out.
1. Regular Exercise:
By exercise it does not mean that you need to go for a rigorous exercise and hit the gym. 30 minutes of walking or jogging or even cycling is enough. This helps to bring the insulin level under control and thus control diabetes.
2. Cutting Down On Refined Carbs:
In order to prevent diabetes, it is highly essential to cut down on refined carbs. There are several studies which shows that higher intake of sugar and refined carbs have been found to increase the risk of diabetes risk, especially type-2 diabetes. It is always better to follow a low-carb diet in order to keep the blood sugar level under control.
4. A Healthy Diet:
Following a healthy diet is one of the best ways to prevent diabetes. Include fibre-rich foods and whole grains as these helps in keeping the blood sugar and insulin level low. Avoid saturated foods and foods that contains high-fats especially processed foods, as these foods will lead to further aggravation of the condition.
(With Agency Inputs)