A well-balanced diet and nutrition is essential for everyone to lead a healthy lifestyle. Our body needs all sorts of essential nutrients to function properly. If not, it results in malnutrition.
Malnutrition is the result of our body not getting enough nutrients. This further results in various deficiencies.
Nutritional deficiency occurs when there is an absence of nutrients that are essential for the growth and health. Nutritional deficiency can affect the bodily functions.
Eating a balanced whole food diet prevents the risk of these disorders. Lack in these nutrients in our body can hamper the health of an individual.
Therefore, one must consume lots of fruits and vegetables, as they are packed with vitamins and minerals and are healthy.
There are many deficiencies and diseases caused by malnutrition. Some of which include scurvy, beriberi disease, goitre, anaemia and the list goes on.
Therefore, in this article, we at Boldsky will be listing out some of the diseases that are caused by nutritional deficiencies and the ways to prevent these disorders effectively. Read on to know more about it.
Problems such as depression, hair loss, rashes, etc, are caused by the deficiency of vitamin B7 also known as biotin. Consuming poultry and dairy products can help to overcome this disorder.
Osteoporosis is caused by the deficiency of vitamin D and calcium. It affects the bone health and spine and leads to unhealthy bones that are more prone to fractures and defects in the spine structure. Bananas, spinach, milk and okra are some of the natural sources of vitamin D.
Anaemia is caused by the deficiency of iron. Iron deficiency results in a decreased red blood cell count or haemoglobin in the body. This results in fatigue, weakness and paleness in the body. This can be treated by consuming iron-rich foods such as nuts, tofu and bran.
Goitre is caused by the deficiency of iodine. Iodine is essential for the cell metabolism. Goitre leads to enlarged thyroid glands causing hypothyroidism, poor growth and mental retardation. Iodised salt and salt water fish must be consumed to avoid goitre.
Night blindness is caused by the deficiency of vitamin A. In aggravated conditions, night blindness can result in a loss of vision too. Including foods rich in vitamin A such as carrots and green leafy vegetables can prevent this disorder.
Beriberi is a resultant of deficiency of vitamin B1. Some of its symptoms include muscle degeneration, altered muscle coordination and cardiovascular problems. Sources such as meat, eggs, whole grains and nuts are rich in thiamine or vitamin B1.