Guru Nanak Jayanthi is the birthday of the first Sikh Guru and is celebrated by the Sikh community throughout the world. The festival falls in the months of October or November. The holy book of the Sikhs, the Guru Granth Sahib, is recited continuously. Processions are also arranged where the devotees sing hymns and carry the holy book on a float which is decorated with flowers. The day starts with the recitation of hymns from the scriptures.
Why Sikhs Celebrate Gurpurab/Guru Nanak Jayanti?
Why is Guru Nanak Jayanthi celebrated? The significance of Guru Nanak Jayanthi is that it is the birthday of the great Guru Nanak. It is celebrated with dedication and devotion. He was the first Sikh Guru among the 10 Gurus. He took birth in 1469 A.D in a Khsatriya family. The birthplace of Guru Nanak, Rai Bhoi di Talwandi, is now located at Lahore, Pakistan. From childhood, he was attracted to spirituality, goodness and devotion. Though he got married and had two sons, he realised the call of truth and left his family life to devote his time to the almighty.
The significance of Guru Nanak Jayanthi is that it reminds people about the pious life of him and inspires many to follow his path. Every Sikh at any corner of the world celebrates this festival with pure heart. Sometimes, the occasion is extended till evening. Sikhs, who are unable to attend gurdwaras, organise a similar ceremony at home. Why Guru Nanak Jayanthi is celebrated?-
1. A Sense Of Unity- On the pious occasion of Guru Nanak’s birthday, the congregation arranges special langar (meal) free of cost. People join this without any sense of class divisions. Thus, this festival creates a sense of unity in diversity.
2. Teaches The Value Of Charity- The significance of Guru Nanak Jayanthi also lies in the lessons of his life. According to a story, Nanak used to give all his money to the destitute whom he saw in a market place. It was an incident of his childhood. His birthday reminds people the value of sharing.
3. Teaches Secularism- Do you know why Guru Nanak Jayanthi is celebrated? Today, the Guru Nanak Jayanthi is more relevant as there is brutality in the name of religion. He was inspired by views of both the Hindus and the Muslims. His teaching was always for the benefit of human kind irrespective of religion.
4. A Day Of Love and Peace- Nanak was a great saint who always taught the human kind the significance of love and peace. He was the preacher of brotherhood. On his birthday, it is our duty to take oath to follow his path.
5. Teaches To Be Logical- Nanak’s teachings never supported any superstitions. He always urged us to believe everything that is logical. His preaching conveyed the message to love mankind to attain God’s love. This is obviously one of the vital significance of Guru Nanak Jayanthi.
On the pious day, after the puja, Karah Prasad (a sweetmeat) is distributed. People dress up in new clothes and rejoice. They often celebrate the day with lights and crackers. The underlying message of this day is to follow his path and spread love throughout the world.