Indian garden plants are rich in variety just like the diverse culture of our country. Usually, flora and fauna grow better in warm weathers than frosty climate. That is why there are many common garden plants that thrive in the hot tropical weather of India. Indian garden plants often have religious significance too. For example, the basil plant is considered holy by the Hindus. That is why it is a fairly common Indian garden plant that is seen in a majority of homes.
Most of the common garden plants grown in the Indian subcontinent are also flowering plants. Actually Indians have a huge fetish for blooming flowers and thus, you will see a fragrant garden in most of homes. Topical flowering plants are colourful and vibrant. So you will see many tropical plants with colourful blooms at any average Indian household.
Indian garden plants like warm weather and often bloom in the spring. We do not have a very cold winter in India; in fact most parts of the country have just 3 seasons namely summer, monsoons and spring. Here are some of the commonest Indian garden plants that are easy to grow under tropical conditions.
Basil or Tulsi
Basil is a one of the commonly grown garden plants in India due to its religious significance. It is usually planted as saplings and need plenty of water. It cannot stand direct sunlight but likes warm weather.
Marigold is also a flower that is used in pujas and religious ceremonies. This plant too is planted as a sapling. It needs humus-rich black soil and plenty of bright sunshine.
This is one of the easiest plants to grow at home. You just need a stalk of money plant and put it in water or soil. This is an indoor plant. It needs lots of moisture and almost no sunlight.
Hibiscus plants are very common in India and they too have religious significance in Hinduism. Saplings are widely available and the plant is easy to grow. This plant need lots of sunshine and water twice a day. You need to prune it often to keep it in a flowering condition.
Rose plants are best for the light winters in India. You must plant them at the end of summer and allow them to get the benefit of the Indian monsoons. Come winter, roses will bloom and make your garden fragrant.
Jasmine can be planted as a tree or plant. Jasmine is a fussy plant. It likes indirect sunlight and moderate watering.
Plantain basically means banana plant. You would be surprised to know that banana plants can be grown in decorative ways too. They propagate through the stem and flower just once in their lifetime.
Bougainvillea is a climber plant. It grows like a bush on top of walls and gates. This flowering shrub does not need too much water or care. It grows at a breakneck speed and can soon turn wild. So you need to prune your bougainvillea very often.
For a country that gets sunshine throughout the year, sunflowers are the ideal garden plant. Sunflowers are grown from seeds as they sprout easily. You need to water your sunflower generously but not too much. These plants have weak stems and thus sometimes need support from stakes.
The warm weather in India supports ferns very well. We can see many kinds of ferns in India but the commonest is oriental water fern.
The lotus is a flower that is considered a sign of purity in India. It is used in the pujas of Goddesses. Lotus is fairly easily to grow and most often grows in the wild. All you need to grow lotus is a pool of water.