Hormone therapy is carried out to treat the symptoms of hot flashes, vaginal dryness, insomnia and night perspiration. These are the common conditions that several women encounter during their menopausal years. Apparently this is performed to prevent disorders of old age like heart problems and osteoporosis.
During menopause, these signs usually last for about three to five years. Hormone therapy is recommended for women who do not have breast cancer or blood clotting problems. They are provided with hormone therapy for three to five years and then for six to nine months more so as to make sure that the abrupt change does not bring back the symptoms.
In ladies who have had breast cancer, it is best to explore alternate methods to reduce menopausal symptoms. This is because researchers have found that there is a strong link between breast cancer and oestrogen. Obesity in postmenopausal women, which is connected to higher degrees of oestrogen, creates a greater risk of breast cancer.
In hormone therapy, both oestrogen and progesterone hormones are used. Taking only oestrogen can increase the risk of uterine cancer. Progesterone does not allow this to happen. So in order to prevent uterine cancer, both the hormones should be taken together so that you get the maximum benefit and avoid side effects.
Contrary to popular belief, hormone therapy does not increase the risk of heart attack and breast cancer. Hormone therapy can also prevent belly fat and clogged arteries. Hence one should not wait for a long time to start hormone therapy. Go for the therapy as soon as menopause kicks in.
One should go for hormone therapy after weighing the pros and cons carefully. Also those who have a history of breast and uterine cancer, should state this to their doctors clearly. Hormone therapy is available in the form of patches, pills and creams. Your doctor will advise you on the best possible option.