Meningitis is a deadly disease that should be taken seriously. It is essential to know about the illness as well as to make an educated choice with regard to dealing with it. It not only affects the young and the old, it has been found to affect new born babies and kids alike.
The first and the most critical thing you ought to know is what meningitis is. Meningitis is the infection of the external covering of the brain and spinal cord. There are very different viruses, fungi, certain organisms, parasites and bacteria that may lead to this illness.
The symptoms of meningitis in grown ups include high fever, vomiting, muscle pain, nausea, rash and cold hands and feet. In babies the symptoms that have been observed are red spots or purple spots, pale skin, difficulty in breathing, refusal to eat or drink, crying all the time, high temperature, not waking up easily if sleeping, etc.
In older children the symptoms are different. Older children who suffer from meningitis have been seen to have symptoms like shivering, a high temperature, headache, sleepiness, irritation, confusion, pain in the neck, pain in the joints, a stiff neck, purple or red spots on the body, fast breathing, a dislike for harsh lights, cold hands and feet, etc.
Once a person is detected with meningitis, he has to be hospitalized immediately. This disease should not be neglected and must be taken care of at the earliest or it can prove to be fatal. Babies should be specially observed very carefully for signs and symptoms as their immune system is not very strong.
Meningitis is treated with the help of blood tests, sedatives, fluids, antibiotics, paracetamol, oxygen therapy, anti-convulsants and steroids. If the symptoms become severe, the patient is transferred to the intensive care unit and special care is taken.