While you might know and understand the health threats of having high blood pressure levels, not too many individuals know that low blood pressure levels can be a significant health issue. Low blood pressure, also known as hypotension, will be diagnosed whenever blood pressure readings remain below 90/60 on a consistent basis.
Low blood pressure may cause dizziness, lightheadedness and fainting. In severe cases it might lead to low blood circulation to the brain which in turn might lead to shock and heart attacks. There are a number of conditions that cause low blood pressure.
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When you have a heart condition due to low heart beat rate or heart valve problems, you can have low blood pressure. These prevent the circulation of enough blood and in turn lead to low blood pressure. A pregnant woman can also have low blood pressure as during pregnancy a woman's circulatory system expands leading to low blood pressure.
Severe dehydration leads to low blood pressure. You can have low blood pressure if you have thyroid problems like hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, low blood sugar or high blood sugar, Parkinson's disease and adrenal insufficiency.
When there is heavy loss of blood, it can lead to low blood pressure. The drop in blood pressure is caused by the reduction of the amount of blood present in the body. Severe infections also cause a drop in blood pressure levels. Severe allergic reactions from insect venoms, certain kinds of foods and certain medications can lead to low blood pressure.
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A lack of vitamin B12 and folate in the body can lead to the under production of enough red blood cells. This can result in anaemia and low blood pressure. Be careful when you take anti-depressants and anti-anxiety drugs. These can also cause low blood pressure.
You have to be very careful if you have low blood pressure and get it treated as soon as possible as low blood pressure can sometimes prove to be fatal. It can prevent you from carrying out your day to day activities normally and even cause damage to your brain and heart.