During conversations, you could have heard some people speaking about flesh eating bacteria and you had been left puzzled, not knowing what these individuals were speaking about. Well, they were referring to a rare skin infection which could tear down the skin along with its underlying tender tissues.
Flesh eating bacteria is a disease that is generally known as Necrotizing fasciitis. It occurs in locations where the skin appears to be broken like areas where an operation was carried out or around wounds which were caused by cuts. A person struggling with this situation can be subjected to fever, nausea, vomiting and occasionally diarrhoea.
The contaminated part of the skin becomes swollen, red in colour, forms blisters and serious pain is felt when touched. This pain generally appears to reduce following a day approximately after the infection, but quickly returns later in a more serious state.
Damage to the tissues occurs so rapidly that the patient may go into a state of shock. In case the patient is not attended to in a given amount of time, flesh eating bacteria can cause death. The flesh eating microorganisms accountable for this kind of skin infection are largely the group A Streptococcus bacteria and the Vibrio vulnificus bacteria.
In rare events, the Streptococcus bacteria release toxins which are able to harm the sore tissues seen under the skin and at the same time infect them with this fatal disease. Thereafter, the infection spreads very quickly along the tissues that cover body muscles known as fascia.
At times, Streptococcus bacteria might be seen to travel via the bloodstream of an individual all the way to the lungs along with other vital organs in the host body in order to be in an advanced condition to cause difficulties.
The Vibrio vulnificus bacteria, on the other hand, gets to infect the skin tissues after the injury continues to be exposed to sea water or comes in contact with either oysters or salt water fish.