Lyme disease is transmitted through the bite of the tick that is infected with the Borrelia burgdorferi spirochete.
If left untreated or treated incorrectly, it may cause cardiac complications, meningitis, encephalitis, cranial neuropathies, eyelid droop, facial weakness, numbness, pain, shoulder droop, sensory disturbances along with other neurological symptoms.
Many people experience arthritic symptoms in more than one joint. Lyme disease can also affect memory, attention and cause word finding problems. It can also cause ADHD-like symptoms, learning disability, obsessive compulsive disorder, weeping spells, rages, depression, bipolar disorder, panic, nervousness disorders and psychoses.
When this illness affects the mind it is referred to as Lyme neuroborreliosis or Lyme encephalopathy and the individual becomes totally unaware of his existence.
A study by Hajek et al, published in the American Journal of Psychiatry found that one third of psychiatric inpatients showed symptoms of previous infection with the Lyme spirochete. They found that even serious neuropsychiatric symptoms may be corrected or eliminated when antibiotics are added onto the suggested psychiatric treatment.
It is very difficult to detect if one is suffering from Lyme disease for a number of reasons. In the first place, less than fifty percent of all Lyme patients remember a tick bite. In the second place, this disease frequently causes a bull's-eye shaped rash that if present requires no further verification prior to starting treatment.
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Less that fifty percent of individuals with Lyme disease remember having the rash. In the third place, to add to the trouble, a lot of the standard blood tests developed to detect this illness possess a high occurrence of false negative outcomes. Hence, in order to find out whether a person is suffering from Lyme disease or not, look for the above-mentioned symptoms.
In kids, look for behavioural changes, fatigue, educational issues, understanding disability, headaches, sore throats and migrating muscle pains. The symptoms mainly appear as psychological and behavioural changes.