Fruits and vegetables are colourful. In fact, their colours make them appealing to the eyes. Have you ever wondered how they got their colours?
Well, the presence of carotenoids, flavonoids and chlorophyll tends to give them peculiar colours to vegetables and fruits. For example, spinach is green because of the presence of chlorophyll in it.
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Do those colours indicate their nutritional value? Yes, of course. Each category of vegetable and its colour offers certain health benefits. That is why eating all the colours (rainbow) helps maintain good health. Read on to know more....
Some examples of the white category are garlic, onion and cauliflower. This category of foods boost immunity, lower cholesterol and promote your colon health. Onions and garlic are anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and also can minimise blood sugar.
Some examples include water melon, red grapes, tomato and red bell pepper. This group can prevent cancer, lower blood pressure, protect your skin and heart and also help the body in renewing the cells.
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Red grapes contain resveratrol which is anti-inflammatory. Tomato and water melon contain lycopene.
Some examples are lemon, pumpkin, orange etc. They are healthy for heart, can lower cholesterol levels, good for eye sight, promote joint health and prevent cancers.
This category is rich in Vitamin C, A and beta carotene. They offer antioxidants that can combat free radical damage.
Blue berries and purple grapes are some examples.
They are healthy for your urinary system, blood vessels, memory and heart too.
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These purple and blue foods contain a phytonutrient known as anthocyanin.
Spinach, okra, parsley and lettuce are just some example of green vegetables.
They can flush out cancerous compounds from the body, prevent macular degeneration, promote digestion, protect your bones and prevent certain types of cancer.
This way, every category and colour has its own health benefit. Try to include all colours in your food and get a balanced diet that promotes healthy life.
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