Cramps refer to unconscious as well as forcible contractions of the muscles that refuse to unwind. Under normal conditions, the muscles of the toe unwind whenever we want to move them and these moves are coordinated by the brain signals.
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In case of cramps, these muscles have an inclination to contract even without the brain signs that may be a painful condition. A muscle cramp might last from a couple of seconds to a couple of hours based upon the muscle that is involved. Cramps in the toe typically do not last beyond a few seconds, but are extremely painful conditions.
There are various factors which are accountable for cramps in the toes and legs which may include dietary insufficiency or excessive muscle stress. There are a broad array of factors which are accountable for muscle cramps.
1. Lack Of Nutrients:
Certain medicines and drugs are accountable for muscle cramps. Diuretic drugs which result in loss of the fluid as well as sodium from the body may cause muscle cramps. Also lack of calcium, potassium, magnesium and zinc might also result in muscle cramps.
2. Poor Blood Flow:
Insufficient or poor blood flow in the legs frequently referred to as claudication could also result in muscle cramps, particularly in the toes and feet.
3. Wearing Wrong Shoes:
Wearing the wrong shoes can also cause cramps in the toes.
4. Excess Exercises:
Exercising too much can also cause muscle cramps.
Treatment of cramps in the toes as well as the legs depends upon controlling your stresses, the inherent cause responsible for the cramp.
1. Correct Diet:
Correcting dietary deficiencies and improving blood circulation to the low extremities might assist in reducing cramps in the legs and toes. Include green leafy vegetables, fresh fruits, milk products and poultry in your diet. These foods provide the essential nutrients as well as vitamins to the body which reduce the frequency of cramps.
2. Soak Legs In Hot Water:
Massaging the leg muscles on a routine basis or soaking your legs in hot water helps with enhancing blood circulation in the calf area and this helps in efficient reduction of cramps.
Speak with your physician, particularly if you are on a medication that may be accountable for cramps. An alternative might reduce the frequency and strength of the cramps.