Non-cancerous growths in the body are known as benign tumours. These are the exact opposite of cancerous tumours. Whereas cancerous tumours spread to other parts of the body very fast, benign tumours do not spread. They can be found in any part of the body.
What causes a benign tumour is still under research. These are mainly dead cells that form a growth. But unlike cancerous tumours these do not spread to the different parts of the body by invading tissues.
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If you have benign tumours, generally, you might suffer from fever, chills, pain or uneasiness, fatigue, night sweats and lose interest in eating. Neither cancerous nor benign tumours show typical symptoms. It all depends on which part of the body the benign tumour grows.
If you have a benign tumour on any part of your skin, you might see a lump there. You will even be able to touch it and feel it. If you have it on any party of your brain, you will not be able to see or feel it but will have headaches, dizziness, blurred vision, problems in comprehending and remembering things, etc.
Only a doctor can tell you whether you have a benign tumour or a cancerous one. There are a variety of techniques used to detect it. Your doctor will ask you about the symptoms and will conduct a physical examination. He might also ask you to undergo lab tests and blood tests to see if there are any markers present in the blood caused by cancer.
Your doctor might also order for imaging tests. This will enable the doctor to view the tumour more precisely. Imaging tests include ultrasonography, CT scans, MRIs and X-rays. Your doctor might also ask you to undergo a biopsy which involves the removal of a small part of the tissue from the affected area for examination.
Not all benign tumours need treatment. If your benign tumour is not causing you any difficulty, the doctor will only ask you to wait and watch. Treating the tumour might lead to adverse effects. In other cases where your benign tumour is causing you trouble, you might have to undergo radiation therapy or surgery.