Capsicum or sweet bell peppers belong to the solanaceae family of plants comprising of chilli pepper, cayenne pepper, etc. They come in diverse colours. While the green and purple peppers are slightly bitter in taste, the red, yellow and orange ones are sweeter.
Capsicums are popular all over the world and are used in cuisines of diverse kinds. In India, these vegetables are known by various names like 'Shimla Mirch', 'Bhopali Mirchi', 'Pedda Mirappa', etc.
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Capsicums are not just attractive and tasty, but contain several nutrients like vitamins A, C and K, fibre, carotenoids, etc., that help our overall health. Here we list 10 benefits that capsicum has for our health, take a look:
1. Prevents Arthritis: Capsicum cures problems like arthritis. Eating bell peppers with cinchona, a herb, does very well in curing gout and rheumatic arthritis.
2. Prevents Cancer: Capsicum's antioxidant and anti-inflammatory content are healthy anti-cancer agents. Besides, the sulphur compounds and carotenoid lycopene found in them prevent various types of cancers.
3. Can Help Tackle Iron Deficiency: Capsicums are a major source of Vitamin C, which is very important for the absorption of iron and they also prevent diseases like anaemia.
4. Prevents Diabetes: The vegetable is also helpful in controlling diabetes and keeps the blood sugar level steady.
5. Helps In Shedding Weight: Capsicum helps in increasing the metabolism rate without fastening the heart rate and blood pressure, unlike other hot peppers. This results in loss of weight.
6. Good For Skin And Bones: While Vitamin C in capsicum helps in building collagen that supports our body's skin and joints, Vitamin K helps in blood clotting. It is helpful in making the bones strong and thereby protecting the cells from damage.
7. Helpful For The Eyes: Capsicum has a high content of Vitamin A, which is good for the eyes, especially for night vision. Age-related visual loss or macular degeneration can also be lowered if we take capsicum regularly because if its carotenoid content. The Vitamin C and carotene in bell peppers also make them good agents against eye cataracts.
8. Good For The Heart: Red capsicums are good for a healthy heart, thanks to their rich lycopene content; while the green ones have fibres that reduce cholesterol. Vitamin B6 and folate present in bell peppers help reduce the level of homocysteine, which is harmful for the heart. Potassium in capsicum also helps in regulating blood pressure.
9. Helps Digestion: Capsicum is good for those who suffer from gastrointestinal problems. It also cures stomach ulcers.
10. Improves Immunity: Vitamin C in capsicum helps in boosting our immunity. Capsaicin found in the white membranes of the bell pepper reduces cholesterol level and therefore boosts immunity.