How Diabetes Can Affect Your Eyes

By: Sneha A

When a human body is unable to create a sufficiently required amount of the hormone insulin, it is then that the problem of Diabetes occurs.

It can also happen if the insulin produced is not able to be as effective as it used to be; and if one does begin to suffer from this problem, then he/she can no more handle the consumption of carbohydrates and sugars like they did before.

A huge number of populations around the world have been found to be suffering from Diabetes.

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In fact, it has been seen that even children develop this problem; however, this is a rare sight; but, on the other hand, diabetes in adults is quite common.

If a person is diagnosed with diabetes, it becomes essential for him/her to pay a close attention to the dos and don’ts that the doctor has prescribed.

Along with this, one also has to be in regular touch with ones' ophthalmologist.

If you're wondering what an eye doctor has to do with diabetes and how does diabetes affect the eyes, then believe me, we have strong reasons to say so.

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A high count of sugar in the bloodstream does not only cause problems in your vision, but is also dangerous for the eyes, as it may even lead you to suffer from blindness if it is not taken care of properly.

So, here are a few ways that tell how diabetes can affect your vision?

1. Diabetic Retinopathy:

A serious vision problem that can be faced by people with diabetes is Diabetic Retinopathy. If affects the blood vessels of the retina, which if blocked or leaked can cause problem in your vision.

2. Proliferative Retinopathy:

A proliferative retinopathy is a form of diabetic retinopathy that suggests growing on unusual nerves in the retina. It has four stages, out of which, the first three stages are non-proliferative but swelling and blockage in the essential nerves is still seen and then the proliferative diabetic retinopathy, i.e., the last stage, occurs.

3. Diabetic Maculopathy:

Another eye problem associated with diabetes is Diabetic Maculopathy, in which the macula is affected. Even though the peripheral vision remains unaffected, yet it is the central vision that suffers. Hence, one is able to get around the house, but will be unable to differentiate between the faces and other finer details.

4. Cataract:

Cataract that is clouding over the lens of the eye which hinders in the clarity of the vision in a person is also possible due to diabetes. However, cataract can happen due to various other reasons, but diabetes just increases the risk. It is one such problem that goes on growing with the passage of time, which can be treated with a laser surgery.

5. Glaucoma:

Diabetic patients also have an increased risk of suffering from glaucoma. The pressure on the eye nerves increases because the fluids in the eye are unable to drain properly. It can cause nerve damage, leading to problems with the vision.

6. Reduced Sight Due To Other Conditions:

Diabetic eye patients can have a reduction in the perception of depth and visual acuity. They can also be facing issues like a blurry or even doubled vision, retinal detachment causing flash lights, blank spots in the vision field, red floating spots or streaks in the eyes, which can indicate to bleeding and a veil or cloud-like structure in the eye.

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Read more about: diabetes, eyes, vision
Story first published: Thursday, May 5, 2016, 10:58 [IST]
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