If you suffer from prediabetes, this means you have a greater than normal blood glucose level which is not high enough as the glucose level of people who suffer from diabetes. If you do not get treatment for it, prediabetes might lead to type 2 diabetes mellitus, heart problems and stroke.
In accordance with the National Institute of Health, prediabetes can be reversible. The first measure to be taken is to understand what causes prediabetes and also understand how it can be detected.
The signs of prediabetes are the same as that of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and might indicate that the prediabetes has advanced to type 2 diabetes.
The pancreas releases a bodily hormone called insulin whenever you eat so the cells of the body may take the sugar levels from the blood and into the cell for energy. In case of prediabetes, the cells do not respond properly to insulin.
In accordance with the Mayo Clinic, prediabetes is firmly linked to lifestyle factors and genetics. Individuals who are overweight and lead a sedentary life are at a higher risk of prediabetes. Prediabetes may appear in anyone; however, many factors increase your odds.
If you are over forty five years old or you have a BMI higher than twenty five, your physician might want to screen you for prediabetes. Your physician will need to do a blood test for a precise analysis.
For the test, your physician will ask you to fast for 8 hours or overnight. A blood glucose level of 100-125 milligrams per deciliter suggests prediabetes.
Your physician will check your blood sugar levels twice, once at the start of the appointment and after that 2 hours later after you drink a sweet beverage. If the blood sugar level reads 140-199 mg/dL after two hours, then the test indicates IGT, or prediabetes.
If testing suggests that your blood glucose level is regular, you may repeat screenings in three years. If you are diagnosed with prediabetes, your physician might recheck your blood sugar level in twelve months or sooner.