Blackheads are relatives of the much meaner skin problems called acne. They are a dark type of acne containing oxidised melanin, the pigment made by skin cells.
Blackheads are extremely common and almost everyone has them. They are caused by pores getting clogged with dirt. Excessive sebum can be a huge contributory factor to blackheads, especially during puberty.
Hormone changes cause blackheads and other forms of acne. They are generally not painful, but can be painful if accompanied with other acne or pimples.
Sebum helps keep the skin soft and supple. Overproduction of sebum leads to the formation of acne and pimples. When an excess of sebum blocks the pores, blackheads and whiteheads start to appear.
Sometimes, the blackheads are very intense and may require you to go to a doctor and get medicated ointments or at other times use simple pore strips that you can buy from the stores, or you could also use certain homemade scrubs.
Whatever be the case, blackheads are not impossible to avoid. With a little bit of care and patience from your side, you can ensure that the blackheads do not reappear to take over your face.
Here are a few tips on how to avoid blackheads, do take a look.
Change Your Pillowcase: Make sure you change your pillowcase every week. If you have oily skin, this is even more important, as the oil from your skin that gets on the pillowcase can contribute to attracting dirt even more. An added bonus of changing pillowcases regularly is lesser chances of hair fall.
Cleansing: Make sure you use a very gentle formula while choosing a face wash. Ideally, you should go for medicated ones that are available at the chemists, rather than over-branded ones claiming to brighten or lighten the skin. These are often too harsh for the sensitive skin of the face and can worsen the problem further.
Makeup: Use as little makeup as possible. I know that having blackheads, all you want to do is to hide those ugly black spots, but this would further clog them up. What you can do is stick to lighter makeup, the one that lets the skin breathe easy. And always remember to remove all traces of makeup at the end of the day. VERY IMPORTANT!
Do Not Pop Them: It can seem like a good idea to scratch at the blackheads and make them go away temporarily, instead what this does is leave stubborn scars from all the scratching, making the problem more permanent than it actually was before.
Moisturise: Moisturising can seem like a very bad idea, especially when you already have excessive oil coming out of your skin, but moisturising after washing the face is as important for oily skin as it is for dry skin to restore the natural pH balance of the skin. Just be sure to use a gel or water-based moisturiser as opposed to an oil-based one.
I hope these basic tips help you in getting rid of the problem of blackheads for good!